Kosovo, Balkan’s touch stone

Here it is a short history of Kosovo, as told us by Wikipedia:

In ancient times, Kosovo was part of a bigger region called Dardania. It was inhabited by tribes postulated to be of mixed Thraco-Illyrian ethnicity which inhabited the Balkans since the late Bronze Age.

By the 6th century, Slavic tribes from north and east of the Carpathian mountains began to settle the Balkans in successive waves. One of these Slavic migrants were the proto-Serbs. They settled a large area of the western Balkans, called Servia (Serbia)- which included modern Serbia, Montenegro, Kosovo, eastern parts of Bosnia and northern Macedonia. The Slavs actively assimilated many of the indigenous peoples of the Balkans. Some scattered tribes of Illyrians may have escaped the ethno-cultural assimilation, perhaps by fleeing to the mountainous regions of the western Balkans, even as early as during the Roman occupation.

By the 850s AD, Kosovo became part of the expanding Slavic Bulgarian Empire.

A popular uprising against Byzantine rule commenced in Dioclea by Stefan Voislav. One Vukan, a nephew of the Dioclean King Mihailo (Voislav’s descendent), was made Zhupan of Raska by his uncle. He struggled to free Raska from the Byzantines, and pushed through Kosovo c. 1092, and into Macedonia. There were several offensives and counter-offensives, however Vukan eventually accepted Byzantine vassalage. The full Serbian liberation of Kosovo from the Byzantines would not be achieved until 1208 by Stefan Nemanja of the Nemanjic dynasty. During this time Kosovo became the cultural, religious and political heart of the Serbian Kingdom. Numerous Christian monasteries were erected, such as the Visoki Dečani monastery. The zenith of medieval Serbia’s state was reached in 1346, when Stefan Dusan was crowned Emperor of Serbs, Vlachs, Greeks and Albanians, having conquered virtually all of Greece. However, with his death, his multiethnic Christian Empire also died due to internal power struggles, opening the Balkan’s up for the Ottoman invasion. The empire was split amongst regional nobility -Kosovo became a domain of the House of Mrnjavčević initially.

Historical sources suggest that medieval Kosovo had a Serbian character – Serbian was the cultural, political and linguistic idiom of the region. There are not many records delineating the ethnic composition of Kosovo, however, the earliest known census was the Decani charter in 1330. The vast majority of people are shown to be Slavic Serbian, however, there were also other ethnicities such as Vlachs, Bulgaro-Macedonians and Greeks. Less than 2% of households or farmsteads were Albanian. The Albanians are mentioned for the first time in the 11th century, in the Alexiad. There appears to be no records of any Albanian institutions or states in medieval Kosovo. This is not to say that Albanians had not been living in the area before this, but it merely re-affirms the notion that they were a remote, shepherding people that dwelt in the rugged mountains of northern Albania.

The Ottomans invaded and met the Serbian Army under Prince Lazar on 28 June 1389, near Pristina, at Gazi Mestan. Kosovo then became vassalaged to the Ottoman Empire, until its direct incorporation after the final fall of Serbia in 1459.

The Ottomans brought Islamisation with them, particularly in towns, and later also created the Vilayet of Kosovo as one of the Ottoman territorial entities. Kosovo was taken by the Austrian forces during the Great War of 1683–1699 with help of 5,000 Albanians and their leader, a Catholic Archbishop Pjetër Bogdani. The archbishop died of plague during the war. In 1690, the Serbian Patriarch of Peć Arsenije III, who previously escaped a certain death, led 37,000 families from Kosovo, to evade Ottoman wrath since Kosovo had just been retaken by the Ottomans. The people that followed him were mostly Serbs and Albanians abandoned—but they were likely followed by other ethnic groups. Due to the oppression from the Ottomans, other migrations of Orthodox people from the Kosovo area continued throughout the 18th century. It is also noted that some Serbs adopted Islam, while some even gradually fused with other groups, predominantly Albanians, adopting their culture and even language.

In 1766, the Ottomans abolished the Patriarchate of Peć and the position of Christians in Kosovo was greatly reduced. All previous privileges were lost, and the Christian population had to suffer the full weight of the Empire’s extensive and losing wars, even having blame forced upon them for the losses. The main reason for the conversion of Orthodox Albanians into Muslim Albanians was for the greater benefit of less taxes. Remnants of Orthodox Albanians, in Kosovo, went to live in mountains or rural parts of Montenegro.

In 1871, a massive Serbian meeting was held in Prizren at which the possible retaking and reintegration of Kosovo and the rest of "Old Serbia" was discussed, as the Principality of Serbia itself had already made plans for expansions towards Ottoman territory.

Albanian refugees from the territories conquered in the 1876–1877 Serbo-Turkish war and the 1877–1878 Russo-Turkish war are now known as ‘muhaxher’ (which means ‘refugee’, from Arabic muhajir). Their descendants still have the same surname, Muhaxheri. It is estimated that 200,000 to 400,000 Serbs were cleansed out of the Vilayet of Kosovo between 1876 and 1912, especially during the Greek-Ottoman War in 1897.

In 1878, a Peace Accord was drawn that left the cities of Priština and Kosovska Mitrovica under civil Serbian control, and outside the juristiction of the Ottoman authorities, while the rest of Kosovo would be under Ottoman control. As a response, the Albanians formed the nationalistic and conservative League of Prizren in Prizren later the same year. Over three hundred Albanian leaders from Kosovo and western Macedonia gathered and discussed the urgent issues concerning protection of Albanian populated regions from division among neighbouring countries. The League was supported by the Ottoman Sultan because of its Pan-Islamic ideology and political aspirations of a unified Albanian people under the Ottoman umbrella. The movement gradually became anti-Christian and spread great anxiety among Christian Albanians and especially among Christian Serbs. As a result, more and more Serbs left Kosovo northwards. Serbia complained to the World Powers that the promised territories were not being held because the Ottomans were hesitating to do that. The World Powers put pressure on the Ottomans and in 1881, the Ottoman Army began fighting the Albanian forces. The Prizren League created a Provisional Government with a President, Prime Minister (Ymer Prizreni) and Ministries of War (Sylejman Vokshi) and Foreign Ministry (Abdyl Frashëri). After three years of war, the Albanians were defeated. Many of the leaders were executed and imprisoned. The subsequent Treaty of San Stefano in 1878 restored most Albanian lands to Ottoman control, but the Serbian forces had to retreat from Kosovo along with some Serbs that were expelled as well. By the end of the 19th century the Albanians replaced the Serbs as the dominant people in Kosovo.

In 1908, the Sultan brought a new democratic decrete that was valid only for Turkish-speakers. As the vast majority of Kosovo spoke Albanian or Serbian, the Kosovar population was very unhappy. The Young Turk movement supported a centralist rule and opposed any sort of autonomy desired by Kosovars, and particularely the Albanians. In 1910, an Albanian uprising spread from Priština and lasted until the Ottoman Sultan’s visit to Kosovo in June of 1911. The Aim of the League of Prizren was to unite the four Albanian Vilayets by merging the majority of Albanian inhabitants within the Ottoman Empire into one Albanian State. However, at that time Serbs have consisted about 25% of the whole Vilayet of Kosovo’s overall population and were opposing the Albanian rule along with Turks and other Slavs in Kosovo, which disabled the Albanian movements to occupy Kosovo.

In 1912, during the Balkan Wars, most of Kosovo was taken by the Kingdom of Serbia, while the region of Metohija (Albanian: Dukagjini Valley) was taken by the Kingdom of Montenegro. An exodus of the local Albanian population occurred. This is best described by Leon Trotsky, who was a reporter for the Pravda newspaper at the time. The Serbian authorities planned a recolonization of osovo. Numerous colonist Serb families moved-in to Kosovo, equalizing the demographic balance between Albanians and Serbs. Many Albanians fled into the mountains and numerous Albanian and Turkish houses were razed. The reconquest of Kosovo was noted as a vengeance for the 1389 Battle of Kossovo. At the Conference of Ambassadors in London in 1912 presided over by Sir Edward Grey, the British Foreign Secretary, the Kingdoms of Serbia and Montenegro were acknowledged sovereignty over Kosovo.

In the winter of 1915–1916, during World War I, Kosovo saw a large exodus of Serbian army which became known as the Great Serbian Retreat. Defeated and worn out in battles against Austro-Hungarians, they had no other choice than to retreat, as Kosovo was occupied by Bulgarians and Austro-Hungarians. The Albanians joined and supported the Central Powers. As opposed to Serbian schools, numerous Albanian schools were opened during the ‘occupation’ (the majority Albanian population considered it a liberation). Allied ships were awaiting for Serbian people and soldiers at the banks of the Adriatic sea and the path leading them there went across Kosovo and Albania. Tens of thousands of soldiers died of starvation, extreme weather and Albanian reprisals as they were approaching the Allies in Corfu and Thessaloniki, amassing a total of 100,000 dead retreaters. Transported away from the front lines, Serbian army managed to heal many wounded and ill soldiers and get some rest. Refreshed and regrouped, it decided to return to the battlefield. In 1918, the Serbian Army pushed the Central Powers out of Kosovo. During ocupation of Kosovo, the Serbian Army committed atrocities against the population in revenge. Serbian Kosovo was unified with Montenegrin Metohija as Montenegro subsequently joined the Kingdom of Serbia. After the World War I ended, the Monarchy was then transformed into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians (Albanian: Mbretëria Serbe, Kroate, Sllovene, Serbo-Croatian: Kraljevina Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca) on 1 December 1918, gathering territories gained in victory.

The 1918–1929 period of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians witnessed a raise of the Serbian population in the region and a decline in the non-Serbian. In the Kingdom Kosovo was split onto four counties—three being a part of the entity of Serbia: Zvečan, Kosovo and southern Metohija; and one of Montenegro: northern Metohija. However, the new administration system since 26 April 1922 split Kosovo among three Areas of the Kingdom: Kosovo, Rascia and Zeta. In 1921 the Albanian elite lodged an official protest of the government to the League of Nations, claiming that 12,000 Albanians had been killed and over 22,000 imprisoned since 1918 and seeking a unification of Albanian-populated lands. As a result, an armed Kachak resistance movement was formed whose main goal was to unite Albanian-populated areas of the Kingdom to Albania.

In 1929, the Kingdom was transformed into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. The territories of Kosovo were split among the Banate of Zeta, the Banate of Morava and the Banate of Vardar. The Kingdom lasted until the World War II Axis invasion of 1941.

The greatest part of Kosovo became a part of Italian-controlled Fascist Albania, and smaller bits by the Tsardom of Bulgaria and Nazi German-occupied Kingdom of Serbia. During the fascist occupation of Kosovo by Albanians, until August 1941 alone, over 10,000 Serbs were killed and between 80,000 and 100,000 Serbs were expelled, while roughly the same number of Albanians from Albania were brought to settle in these Serbian lands.

Mustafa Kruja, the Prime Minister of Albania, was in Kosovo in June 1942, and at a meeting with the Albanian leaders of Kosovo, he said: "We should endeavor to ensure that the Serb population of Kosovo be – the area be cleansed of them and all Serbs who had been living there for centuries should be termed colonialists and sent to concentration camps in Albania. The Serb settlers should be killed."

Prior to the surrender of Fascist Italy in 1943, the German forces took over direct control of the region. After numerous uprisings of Partisans led by Fadil Hoxha, Kosovo was liberated after 1944 with the help of the Albanian partisans of the Comintern, and became a province of Serbia within the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia.

The province was first formed in 1945 as the Autonomous Kosovo-Metohian Area to protect its regional Albanian majority within the People’s Republic of Serbia as a member of the Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia under the leadership of the former Partisan leader, Josip Broz Tito, but with no factual autonomy. After Yugoslavia’s name change to the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Serbia’s to the Socialist Republic of Serbia in 1953, Kosovo gained inner autonomy in the 1960s. In the 1974 constitution, the Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo’s government received higher powers, including the highest governmental titles — President and Premier and a seat in the Federal Presidency which made it a de facto Socialist Republic within the Federation, but remaining as a Socialist Autonomous Province within the Socialist Republic of Serbia. Tito had pursued a policy of weakening Serbia, as he believed that a "Weak Serbia equals a strong Yugoslavia". To this end Vojvodina and Kosovo became autonomous regions and were given the above entitled privileges as defacto republics. Serbo-Croatian, Albanian and Turkish were defined as official languages on the provincial level marking the two largest linguistic Kosovan groups: Albanians and Serbs. In the 1970s, an Albanian nationalist movement pursued full recognition of the Province of Kosovo as another Republic within the Federation, while the most extreme elements aimed for full-scale independence. Tito’s arbitrary regime dealt with the situation swiftly, but only giving it a temporary solution. The ethnic balance of Kosovo witnessed unproportional increase as the number of Albanians tripled gradually rising from almost 75% to over 90%, but the number of Serbs barely increased and dropped in the full share of the total population from some 15% down to 8%. Even though Kosovo was the least developed area of the former Yugoslavia, the living and economic prospects and freedoms were far greater then under the totalitarian Maoist regieme in Albania.

Beginning in March 1981, Kosovar Albanian students organized protests seeking that Kosovo become a republic within Yugoslavia. Those protests rapidly escalated into violent riots "involving 20,000 people in six cities" that were harshly contained by the Yugoslav government. During the 1980s, ethnic tensions continued with frequent violent outbreaks against Serbs and Yugoslav state authorities resulting in increased emigration of Kosovo Serbs and other ethnic groups. The Yugoslav leadership tried to suppress protests of Kosovo Serbs seeking protection from ethnic discrimination and violence.

In 1986, the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts (SANU) was working on a document which later would be known as the SANU Memorandum, a warning to the Serbian President and Assembly of the existing crisis and where it would lead. An unfinished edition was filtered to the press. In the essay, SANU criticised the state of Yugoslavia and made remarks that the only member state contributing at the time to the development of Kosovo and Macedonia (by then, the poorest territories of the Federation) was Serbia. According to SANU, Yugoslavia was suffering from ethnic strife and the disintegration of the Yugoslav economy into separate economic sectors and territories, which was transforming the federal state into a loose confederation. On the other hand, some think that Slobodan Milošević used the discontent reflected in the SANU memorandum for his own political goals, during his rise to power in Serbia at the time.,

Milošević was initially sent there as a member of the Communist party. Initially Milošević did not talk to the Serbian nationalists who were at that point demonstrating for rights and freedoms that had been denied to them. During these meetings he agreed to listen to their grievances. During the meeting, outside the building where this forum was taking place police started fighting the locals who had gathered there, mostly Serbs eager to voice their grievances. After hearing about the police brutality outside of the halls, Milošević came out and in an emotional moment promised the local Serbs that "No one is allowed to beat you." This newsbite was then seen on evening news and catapulted a then unknown Milošević to the forefront of the current debate about the problems on Kosovo.

In order to save his skin, Milošević fought back and established a political coup d’état. He gained effective leadership and control of the Serbian Communist party and pressed forward with the one issue that had catapulted him to the forefront of the political limelight, which was Kosovo. This By the end of the 1980s, calls for increased federal control in the crisis-torn autonomous province were getting louder. Slobodan Milošević pushed for constitutional change amounting to suspension of autonomy for both Kosovo and Vojvodina.

Inter-ethnic tensions continued to worsen in Kosovo throughout the 1980s. In particular, Kosovo’s ethnic Serb community, a minority of Kosovo population, complained about mistreatment from the Albanian majority. Miloševic capitalized on this discontent to consolidate his own position in Serbia. In 1987, Serbian President Ivan Stambolić sent Milošević to Kosovo to "pacify restive Serbs in Kosovo." On that trip, Milošević broke away from a meeting with ethnic Albanians to mingle with angry Serbians in a suburb of Pristina. As the Serbs protested they were being pushed back by police with batons, Milošević told them, "No one is allowed to beat you." This incident was later seen as pivotal to Milošević’s rise to power.

On June 28, 1989, Milošević delivered a speech in front of a large number of Serb citizens at the main celebration marking the 600th anniversary of the Battle of Kosovo, held at Gazimestan. Many think that this speech helped Milošević consolidate his authority in Serbia.

In 1989, Milošević, employing a mix of intimidation and political maneuvering, drastically reduced Kosovo’s special autonomous status within Serbia. Soon thereafter Kosovo Albanians organized a non-violent separatist movement, employing widespread civil disobedience, with the ultimate goal of achieving the independence of Kosovo. Kosovo Albanians boycotted state institutions and elections and established separate Albanian schools and political institutions. On July 2, 1990, an unconstitutional Kosovo parliament declared Kosovo an independent country, although this was not recognized by Belgrade or any foreign states. Two years later, in 1992, the parliament organized an unofficial referendum which was observed by international organizations but was not recognized internationally. With an 80% turnout, 98% voted for Kosovo to be independent.

Demographics

According to the Kosovo in Figures 2005 Survey of the Statistical Office of Kosovo, Kosovo’s total population is estimated between 1.9 and 2.2 million in the following ethnic proportions (but many pre-1999 Kosovar Serbs and individuals from other ethnic groups originally from Kosovo now live in Central Serbia, about 250.000-350.000). The estimate from 2000-2002-2003 goes (a 1,900,000 strong population):

  • 92% Albanians
  • 4% Serbs
  • 2% Bosniaks and Gorans
  • 1% Roma
  • 1% Turks

Sunni Muslims account for more than 90% of the population in Kosovo Catholicism and Orthodoxy are also practiced by the people.

Ethnic Albanians in Kosovo have the largest population growth in Europe. The people’s growth rate in Kosovo is 1.3%. Over an 82-year period (1921-2003) the population grew 4.6 times. If growth continues at such a pace, based on some estimations, the population will be 4.5 million by 2050.


Priština


Prizren

So, what I understand from here:

1. Kosovo was a distinct region before Slavic migrants come there, 6th century.
2. The Albanians are mentioned for the first time much later, in the 11th century, in the Alexiad.
3. Historical sources suggest that medieval Kosovo had a Serbian character
4. In time, Albanians become much more numerous than the Serbs (92% Albanians, 4% Serbs)

And now, top 10 pro and cons arguments for the Kosovo’s independence, as cited by Kosovo Compromise:

Top 10 pro-independence arguments

  1. Serbia has lost Kosovo in 1999
  2. Everything is already decided: Kosovo will be independent one way or another
  3. International law is passé
  4. Kosovo is "unique" because of civil war, foreign intervention and international administration
  5. Serbia ‘s ‘progressive elite’ wants to cut off “the cancer of Kosovo”
  6. If they do not get what they want, Albanians will explode in even more violence
  7. "Border-drawing wrongdoings of 1913 at the expense of ethnic Albanians" must be corrected today
  8. There can be no economic progress in Kosovo without independence
  9. Serbia should choose between Kosovo and the EU
  10. Human rights standards will be respected only if and when Kosovo becomes independent

Top 10 anti-independence arguments

  1. Why should one side get it all, the other side lose it all?
  2. Why impose independence as the “only” solution for Kosovo?
  3. Why endanger international law?
  4. Why would Kosovo be an exception in the world?
  5. Why punish democratic Serbia ?
  6. Why reward Albanian violence?
  7. Why create a second Albanian state?
  8. Why create a completely new state from scratch…when integration is the keyword?
  9. Why risk new instability that blocks a EU perspective?
  10. Why did NATO intervene in 1999?
    For human rights or protectorate-building?

At first glance, before writing this article, I was convinced that Kosovo have to belong to Serbia. Now, after I red several articles pro and against Kosovo’s independence, I am no more so sure that the decision is so simple. Every argument has its own base in reality. I still believe that Kosovo has to stay with Serbia, but I am not as sure as before that this is the right decision. In fact, I think that here it is impossible to take a correct decision. Any decision will be, some people will suffer and there will be some international issues due to the respective decision.

Anyway, if Serbia will loose Kosovo, this will be just the beginning for Serbia.

The question is: what will be the future status for Kosovo?

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16 Responses to Kosovo, Balkan’s touch stone

  1. John May 4, 2008 at 5:55 pm

    How about the fact that Serbs do not want to share? They want the land, but not the people. I can mention the 1878, 1912, 1918, 1945, and you know th rest when they tried to wipe us out. Google “the Expulsion of Albanians” and /or http://www.albanianhistory.net/texts/AH1913_1.html

    Serbia maybe democratic, and that’s why their radicals are at 48%, and their views have hardly changed. Mladic at al are still heroes. No matter what, you cannot throw people out because you ruled the land in the 14th century.

  2. Noticed August 10, 2008 at 2:32 am

    Not a very well written out history. Albanians were a majority in Medivel Kosovo they were registared under Orthodox names (Only up tell now Albanians have had Albanian names) considering at the time they were Orthodox not only that but census for those time are not reliable considering that they didnt know how many people lived hidden in the mountains to avoid taxes. The census in Kosovo in the 14th century also shows Fathers with Orthodox names while there childeren have Albanian names. Just because and area was invaded at the time does not mean the majority is of the occupier the Turkish ruled the Balkans for half a millenia but they were never a majority in the Blakans, there is also an acount of this happening today Kosovo is governed by Serbia but the majority in Kosovo is not Serbian. The article should of atleats stated that the census of the times are not a reliable sources. Also there is noting in this article about the fact that there is alot of evidence that links modern Albanians with Illyrians Dardanians by the way might I add the Thraco side of Dardania was invaded land by the Illyrians does no meant Dardania was Ilyrian/Thraco.

  3. neeno August 19, 2008 at 6:41 am

    kosovo was albanian in the ancient times and will be, kosovo is now independent state who recognized by 45 contries.including 21 states of eu,usa,japan etc

  4. Iftikhar August 26, 2008 at 10:34 pm

    Well… As a Kashmiri, i want same amicable resolution of Kashmir Issue. What West has done in Kosovo, deserves appreciation.

    Any solution must encompass present situation and reality. What has happened a centuary back, can only guide and enlighten us but perhaps never offer a comprehensive resolution.

    Kosovo belongs to Kosovars and international community must respect their wishes and aspirations.

    I wish this new nation all the best!

  5. Katelyn Helgason September 16, 2008 at 11:47 am

    We are deploying to Kosovo in August of 2009. We will be spearheading the KFOR 12 mission, TASK FORCE FALCON lead by the North Dakota Army National Guard 141 Menuever Enhancement Brigade. The task force will bring roughly 1400 American troops to Camp Bondsteel.

    So far getting correct non-biased info on Kosovo has proven difficult, and this has been no different.

    While I support Kosovo’s plight for independence, it saddens me when I learn of all the grudges being held for thousands of years. In my opinion, until those are let go… the future of the nation will continue to hang in the balance.

  6. Mk January 19, 2009 at 7:46 am

    Why r albanians so ugly, seriously?

  7. Mk January 19, 2009 at 8:00 am

    They have these weird noses, googling eyes, 1meter tall and have 15 hungry babies per woman :) Whats up with that? Having circus in town for all year round makes you kind a depresed. Perhaps Jewih American Plastic surgery loby in the shadows

  8. Hardcore August 9, 2009 at 9:16 am

    Kosovo always were place inhabited by Serbs….form 12-th century Serbs built churches and temples!first mosque was build in 19-th century!!!so how can Kosovo be Albanian?!?!?Serbs were victims by albanians in WW1 nad WW2…..then in 1999 when NATO helped them…no exodus of albanians were done!not even today there is a proof of exodus of albanians(etnical cleasing).there were no albanian refuges!only Serbian!and all of them were expelled(Serbs) when KFOR came…ortodox temples were bombed and crushed,people were massacred and killed…Serbian priests were attacked in every corner!Serbs today live in ghettos surrounded by wire with no electricity or any right to live!they live in metal boxes with no windows…they are guarded by only a few KFOR soldiers but mosques are guarded by whole unit!and when you ask ANY american in there were they wright they all would say one same thing:WE BOMBED THE WRONG SIDE!!!! if you want proof what massacres were done on Serbs go to http://www.kosovoliberationarmy.com
    then say to the world who is here a victim!!!!!!!

  9. soviet 18 November 21, 2009 at 12:20 pm

    Oh yeah well tzhe albanians didnt yust kill serbs in ww2 but alsoo in the time of the slavs they kild them in ww2 they fooled them theyriped them they married girls with less then 7 years. They cant get something back that they had 1000 years ago I mean that would be the same like indians geting back the east coasts or mexicans getting los angeles its realy not fear so you cant say that albanians are inocent. Ortodox people were crueli turned in to muslims i mean look at the history. Serbs had kosovo made the biggest midevil country on the balkans made great art ,laws , inventions they eavendefeande them selves from austri but albanians they didnt do anything but trubble. So hear me now Kosovo is Serbian in the hat and not albanian

  10. UNITED STATES OF ALBANIA January 30, 2010 at 10:18 pm

    im.writing this comment to(HARDshit)core i looked at the website KLA crime and croatian crime,and bosnian crime.but something missing theer SERBIAN CRIME LET ME REMINDE U CRIME IN BOSNIA RAPING CAMPS SREBRNICA…ARE WATCH THE MOVIE /BEHINDE ENEMY LINE.TRUE STORY….AND MANY THING THE SERRBIAN ARMY TRIED THIS IN CROATIAN,PEOPLE BUT NOO SHITY SERBIAN..U GOT KILLD AND EXETUED.AND REMEMBER DURING THE CROATIAN WAR THEER WASS ALBANIAN COMANDER AND THEY ARE STIL ACTIV IN CROATIAN ARMY…U THE PEOPLE OF SERBIA BEEN ALWAYS TO KIDNAP LAND FROM OTHER AND RESOLT ON DISASTER …..THE WEBSITE U SHOW ON COMMENT HARDSHITSERBIAN..IS MADE BY SERBIAN SECRET SERVICE…I WISH DEATH TO ALL SERB AND IT WILL HAPPEND IN THE FUTURE…..DEATH TO SERBIA…….

  11. UNITED STATES OF ALBANIA January 30, 2010 at 10:31 pm

    THIS COMMENT IM WRITTING FOR THE ..HARDSHITSERBIAN..WHICH HE PRESENT A WEBSITE ON THE COMMENT..HOW THE KOSOVA LIBERATION ARMY COMITED CRIME.AND THE CROATIAN ARMY ALSO AND CRIME IN BOSNIA..LET ME REMINDE YOU /HARDSHITSERBIAN..THEER WASS RAPING CAMP IN BOSNIA.SREBERNICA.THEER WASS KILLD 10THOUSAND PEOPLE FOR ONE NIGHT..THE CRIMINAL ARMY OF SERBIAN TRY THAT TO DO IN CROATIA BUT FAILD AND HAWE DISASTER..CROATIAN ARMY FIGHT BACK AND KILLD SERBIAN SOLDER LIKE THE RABBIT.AND ONE MORE THING IN CROATIAN ARMY WASS ALSO ALBANIAN COMMANDER WHU FIGHT IN CROATIAN SIDE AND THEY ARE STILL ACTIV IN CROATIAN ARMY.IN KOSOVA U THE CRIMINAL ARMY OF SERBIA TRY TO DO THE SAME LIKE IN BOSNIA BUT FAILD BAD…ON THE WEBSITE U PRESENT IT SHOWS CLEAR THE WEBSITE WASS CREATED BY THE SERBIAN SECRET SERVICE……BECAUSE ON WEB..DOSENT SHOW WHY WASS SERBS KILLD AND DID THEY TRY TO DEFEND THEM SELF..AR WHAT …BECAUSE U HARDSHIT SERBIAN TRY TO MAKE GREATER SERBIAN BUT U WON ONLY BIG DICK.ON ASS..AND WILL BE MORE DICK……

  12. true albo February 13, 2010 at 3:36 pm

    there is a lot of bull shit in here about kosovars killing Sebitches.thats true and it will be a lot more coz of what the have done to the kosova, the time has come and will stay this way, if serbitches won mar come and get it.
    but this time will be different. we will be the one te rape your wifes and kids.
    peace

    and death to all serbs.

  13. bm May 19, 2010 at 7:25 am

    Fuck serbia i wish god will vanish them all

  14. Boyan August 24, 2010 at 2:25 am

    To all who believe in black & white image of “bad Serbs and good Albanians”, just check this website:

    http://www.kosovoliberationarmy.com/

    And btw, owner of that website already said that it is “Serbian side of story”, so naturally it is not showing crimes done by ethnic Serbs. So anyone who will say “it’s biased”, well maybe, but ANY other information source, that DOES NOT contain images and information shown in this website (http://www.kosovoliberationarmy.com/) must ALSO be tagged as biased.

    But, putting them all together, gives us pretty clear image of what happened in Balkans.

    So dear “bm”, when you say “Fuck serbia” and wish death to all Serbs, think about this: what does this wish you have says about you? You are racist? Nazi? Serb-hater? How can you wish death of children, or innocent people? How can you even remotely think in such way?

  15. Rick August 24, 2010 at 2:31 am

    For “True albo”:

    You (Albanians) were the ones who raped Serbian children:

    http://www.kosovoliberationarmy.com/photos/klacrimes018.jpg

    So Albanians like yourself, WERE RAPISTS of CHILDREN.

    So when you say “..this time..” – it is ALL THE TIME.

    We (US), bombed wrong side. We will NEVER do that again.

    In the next war between Serbs and Albanians, don’t count on us.

  16. fuck bitches September 6, 2010 at 11:27 pm

    ok look ALL you fucking ideots yes im an albanian myself, i was a eight year old kid in the last war of serbia and kosovo i saw first hand how fucked up the serbs were in this war and how from learning now the laws of war where broken in all ways, yes we wish death on all serbs like they do upon us but i would only wish such a thing on the people that brought this upon everyone else just like the leaders of sirbia sitting behind bars. and as to what Dick i mean (Rick) had to say go fuck urself jack ass you dont know write an wrong and where not there to see what went down, you have always lived in ur perfict America, who infact dose more wrong than right anywhere they enter to help, so once again fuck you. and as fot (MK) im albanian and cuite frankly a lot of these AMERICAN bitches love my dick, im sure ur mom and wife would too you fagot, i bet you look like a fucking donky

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Web Development & Web Design

I believe that the availability of a quality web site, at an affordable cost, is not available to the small business community. It is no secret that the major design firms charge exorbitant hourly fees to cover their huge overhead costs which they then pass on to their clients. I, on the other hand, do not have this overhead cost and will not hit you with big hourly fees… I charge a “fixed price” for my design work so you know in advance what your upfront costs will be.

Internet Marketing & Online Advertising Service

I have a proven track record in helping businesses achieve success on the Internet and a measurable return on their online investments. I am now recognized as one of the leading online marketing freelancer in Romania. Besides the worldwide possibilities, I dispose of my own great resources to promote your products, services, web site or image, see http://www.sfetcu.com/domain-names-and-websites-for-sale-and-advertising/

English – Romanian – French Translation

I am native Romanian speakers with over 30 years of English and French experience. My service will provide you with more than a translation, I will give you the cultural advantage. I am highly qualified language professional. My specializations includes almost all the fields. I provide the expertise you require to conduct business without barriers, translating complex documents which deal with diverse technological areas.

Multimedia Service

The new Internet require a completely new approach to writing, highly optimized and designed to be able to be quickly scanned by readers. In other to attract visitors and potential clients, a good interactivity and new technology have to be used. I offer creative solutions for your online and offline space using the power of the audio and video technology.

Desktop Publishing Service (DTP)

I guarantee useful content and a professional look for all your business documents. My network of suppliers and printers allows me to provide cost-effective publishing services regardless of the size of your project. Initial consultation free. Proofreading is always included!

Secretarial and Word Processing Services

Want to digitalize your paper or image files? I type your handwriting documents and scan your printing documents accurately and timely. I handle large data projects for the needs of many types of organizations, including business firms, educational institutions and government departments.