Henri Poincaré, Reports on Matter and Ether

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(Conference at the French Society of Physics, April 11, 1912.) When Mr. Abraham came to ask me to close the series of lectures organized by the French Society of Physics, I was at first about to refuse; it seemed to … Read More

Heuristics of Newtonian Gravity

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The classic example of a successful research program is Newton’s gravitational theory, probably the most successful Lakatosian research program. Initially, Newton’s gravitational theory faced a lot of “anomalies” (“counterexamples”) and contradicted the observational theories that supported these anomalies. But supporters … Read More

IX. TOO HAPPY

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Give! so that God who endows families, Give your sons strength and grace to your daughters; So that your vine always has a sweet fruit; So that a more mature wheat bends your barns; In order to be better; in … Read More

Henri Poincaré, Quanta hypothesis: Conclusions

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We see what is the state of the question; the ancient theories, which hitherto seemed to account for all known phenomena, have encountered an unexpected obstacle. It seemed that a modification was necessary. A hypothesis was first presented in Mr. … Read More

Philosophical Aspects of Big Data

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Big Data can generate, through inferences, new knowledge and perspectives. The paradigm that results from using Big Data creates new opportunities. One of the major concerns in the Big Data case is that data scientists tend to work with data … Read More

VIII. DISCOURAGEMENT

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I had gone heartbroken, despite the carelessness and proverbial gaiety of my character. I could not overcome my pain, for the sorrow I felt was of a different nature from all those who had overwhelmed me to this day. My … Read More

Henri Poincaré, Quanta hypothesis: The ideas of Mr. Sommerfeld

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Mr. Sommerfeld has proposed a theory which he wants to relate to that of Mr. Planck, although the only connection between them is that the letter h appears in both formulas, and that the same name of quantum of action … Read More

Epistemology of Newtonian Gravity

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In certain research programs, such as the mechanistic theory of the universe according to which the universe is a huge clock (and a system of vortices) with the push as the sole cause of movement, the particular Cartesian metaphysics functioned … Read More

VII. O MISFORTUNE, BE WELCOME, IF YOU COME ALONE!

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When it’s snowing in the cold, When the wind whips the roofs; When under the feet the ice screams, The tree complains and the bird prays: “My God, do not leave us “During the winter and its frost!” (Regensburg). It … Read More

Henri Poincaré, Quanta hypothesis: The new theory of Planck

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Let us go back to less general and more precise problems, for example to the theory of radiation. Mr. Planck has devised an amendment to his first theory, and I would like to say a few words about it. According … Read More

The causal theory of reference

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John Stuart Mill argued that names can be divided into two types: connotative and non-connotative. Proper names are the only names of objects that are not connotative and do not have a strictly meaning. (Mill 1882) John Searle argues that … Read More

THE UNKNOWN PEOPLES

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Hello, crowned woods with rest of greenery! Yellowing foliage on scattered lawns! Hello! last beautiful days! The mourning of nature Suitable for my pain and pleases to my looks! (Lamartine.) I was eager to escape the theater of my irreparable … Read More

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