Henri Poincaré, The evolution of laws (2)
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But, it will be said, could it not be that the application of the preceding process would lead to a contradiction, or, if one wishes, that our differential equations admit no solution? Since the hypothesis of the immutability of laws, … Read More

Blockchain Ontologies: OCL and REA
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Unified Modeling Language (UML) of Object Management Group, along with Object Constraint Language (OCL), (Purvis and Cranefield 1999) are considered by Joost de Kruijff and Hans Weigand as the best fit for blockchain ontology. (de Kruijff and Weigand 2017) OCL … Read More

Henri Poincaré: The evolution of laws (1)
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Mr. Boutroux, in his work on the contingency of the laws of nature, wondered if natural laws are not likely to change, if while the world is changing continuously, the laws themselves, that is to say to say the rules … Read More

Blockchain Enterprise Ontologies: TOVE and DEMO
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Enterprise ontology for blockchain transactions includes datalogical, infological and essential levels. OntoClean (Guarino 1998) developed by Nicola Guarino and Chris Welty (Guarino and Welty 2000) analyzes ontologies based on formal, domain-independent properties (metaproperties), being the first attempt to formalize the … Read More

Lakatos on Dogmatic Falsificationism
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Dogmatic (naturalist) falsificationism accepts the falsifiability of all scientific theories without qualification but preserves an infallible empirical basis. He is strictly empiric without being inductivist: he denies the fact that certainty of the empirical basis can be conveyed to theories. … Read More

Analogy of intelligence with other disciplines
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Science Intelligence analysis has many important epistemological resemblances with science (problem solving, discovery, skillful use of tools, knowledge verification) and is more interested in a posteriori than a priori knowledge, (Agrell and Treverton 2015) on how or the basis on … Read More

Intelligence Methodologies
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Methodology, in intelligence, consists of the methods used to make decisions about threats, especially in the intelligence analysis discipline. The enormous amount of information collected by intelligence agencies often puts them in the inability to analyze them all. According to … Read More

Ontology of Gravitational Singularities
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Peter Bokulich and Erik Curiel (Curiel and Bokulich 2018) assert that general relativity (GR) allows singularities, and that we need to understand the ontology of singularities if we want to understand the nature of space and time in the present … Read More

Polanyi’s tacit knowledge applied in intelligence
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Owen Ormerod has developed a theory that Michael Polanyi’s opinion on science can contribute to understanding the process and the “product” of intelligence analysis. (Ormerod 2018) Michael Polanyi’s arguments about the activities of scientists are transferable in the field of … Read More

Blockchain Narrative Ontologies
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Social ontology is concerned with the nature of the social world, constituents, or building blocks of social entities in general. Some theories claim that social entities are built from people’s psychological states, others are built up of actions, others from … Read More

Epistemology of Intelligence Analysis
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In intelligence, epistemology is the study of the threat awareness and the way the threat is understood in the field of intelligence analysis. Most definitions of intelligence do not consider the fact that the epistemic normative status of the intelligence … Read More

Blockchain Philosophy – Bitcoin
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Blockchain Philosophy Donncha Kavanagh and Gianluca Miscione introduced the concept of digital heterotopia (1) as a way to describe and analyze the special and evolutionary relationship between contemporary state and digital money, including block-based cryptocurrencies. (Miscione and Kavanagh 2015) State … Read More

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