Epistemology of Newtonian Gravity

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In certain research programs, such as the mechanistic theory of the universe according to which the universe is a huge clock (and a system of vortices) with the push as the sole cause of movement, the particular Cartesian metaphysics functioned … Read More

VII. O MISFORTUNE, BE WELCOME, IF YOU COME ALONE!

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When it’s snowing in the cold, When the wind whips the roofs; When under the feet the ice screams, The tree complains and the bird prays: “My God, do not leave us “During the winter and its frost!” (Regensburg). It … Read More

Henri Poincaré, Quanta hypothesis: The new theory of Planck

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Let us go back to less general and more precise problems, for example to the theory of radiation. Mr. Planck has devised an amendment to his first theory, and I would like to say a few words about it. According … Read More

The causal theory of reference

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John Stuart Mill argued that names can be divided into two types: connotative and non-connotative. Proper names are the only names of objects that are not connotative and do not have a strictly meaning. (Mill 1882) John Searle argues that … Read More

THE UNKNOWN PEOPLES

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Hello, crowned woods with rest of greenery! Yellowing foliage on scattered lawns! Hello! last beautiful days! The mourning of nature Suitable for my pain and pleases to my looks! (Lamartine.) I was eager to escape the theater of my irreparable … Read More

Henri Poincaré, Quanta hypothesis: Quanta of action

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The new design is seductive by a certain side; for some time the tendency has been to atomism, matter appears to us as formed of indivisible atoms, and the electricity is no longer continuous, it is no longer divisible to … Read More

A natural extension of the methodology of the scientific research programmes of Imre Lakatos

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Both general relativity and quantum mechanics are paradigms in Kuhn’s sense[1]. Both coexist simultaneously. But in Kuhn’s scheme there is no such situation in which two simultaneous paradigms coexist peacefully. Kuhn’s paradigm is defined primarily from a sociological point of … Read More

THE GREAT HEATHLANDS

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Everyone says he is a friend; but crazy who rests there. Nothing is more common than this name, Nothing is more rare than the thing. (La Fontaine.) Decidedly misfortune presided over my destiny. It was written that I had to … Read More

Big Data technology

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The term Big Data refers to the extraction, manipulation and analysis of data sets that are too large to be routinely processed. Because of this, special software is used and, in many cases, also dedicated computers and hardware. Generally, for … Read More

Henri Poincaré, Quanta hypothesis: More on quanta of energy

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Statistical equilibrium can only be established if there is exchange of energy between the resonators, otherwise each resonator would retain its initial energy, which is arbitrary, indefinitely, and the final distribution would obey no law. This exchange could not be … Read More

THE BIRD OF THE GOOD GOD

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From my hole, I had followed this scene, not without a secret satisfaction to see this misadventure melt on a persecutor of the little birds; but this first movement of vengeance passed, I began to think and realized that my … Read More

Henri Poincaré, Quanta hypothesis: Quanta of energy

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The explanation of these phenomena must be sought without making a clean sweep of the principles of Thermodynamics; above all, we must admit the possibility of statistical equilibrium, otherwise nothing would remain of Carnot’s principle; we cannot admit, in Thermodynamics, … Read More

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