Causal theory of reference of Gareth Evans

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Gareth Evans, in The Causal Theory of Names, states that the causal theory of reference needs to be expanded to include what he calls multiple “bases”. After the initial baptism, the use of the name in the presence of the … Read More

Tests and Anomalies of Post-Newtonian Gravitational Theories

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Tests of post-Newtonian theories Newton’s proposed tests In the first edition of Principia, Newton considered that the experiments with the pendulum would allow him to decipher the different types of resistance force and their variation with speed. It recognizes the … Read More

Legal aspects of Big Data – GDPR

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The use of Big Data presents significant legal problems, especially in terms of data protection. The existing legal framework of the European Union based in particular on the Directive no. 46/95/EC and the General Regulation on the Protection of Personal … Read More

XII. LAST FRIEND

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One day last summer, about the month of June, Claire and her mother were working in the living room, while I was perched in my usual place, on the shoulder of the girl, where I played with her coiffure and … Read More

Henri Poincaré, The Moral Union

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(This allocution was delivered by Henri Poincaré at the inaugural meeting of the French League of Moral Education on June 26, 1912, three weeks before his death. This is the last time he has spoken in public.) Today’s Assembly brings … Read More

Proliferation of Post-Newtonian, Non-Relativistic Theories

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Theoreticians have formulated a set of fundamental criteria that any theory of gravity should satisfy, two purely theoretical and two that are based on experimental evidence[1]. Thus, a theory must be: complete (capable of analyzing from the “first principles” the … Read More

XI. INGRATE AND COWARD

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The Blackbird, using his strength at my instigation, drove out this denatured father from our quarter: we were rid of this sad household and peace reigned again around us. Our children were visibly growing; their kindness was extreme; already they … Read More

Henri Poincaré, Morality and Science

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In the last half of the nineteenth century, we often dreamed of creating a scientific morality. It was not enough to boast the educative virtue of science, the advantages which the human soul derives for its own perfecting of the … Read More

X. HOUSEHOLDS ON HOUSEHOLDS

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I was never happier than in this blessed garden of heaven. Abundance of possessions, profound peace, charming relations with the highest sparrows of the capital, was it necessary more for my fate to be worthy of envy? Alas! yes, I … Read More

Causal Theory of Reference of Saul Kripke

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Since the 1960s, Kripke has been a central figure in several fields related to mathematical logic, language philosophy, mathematical philosophy, metaphysics, epistemology and set theory. He had influential and original contributions to logic, especially modal logic, and analytical philosophy, with … Read More

Henri Poincaré, Reports on Matter and Ether

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(Conference at the French Society of Physics, April 11, 1912.) When Mr. Abraham came to ask me to close the series of lectures organized by the French Society of Physics, I was at first about to refuse; it seemed to … Read More

Heuristics of Newtonian Gravity

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The classic example of a successful research program is Newton’s gravitational theory, probably the most successful Lakatosian research program. Initially, Newton’s gravitational theory faced a lot of “anomalies” (“counterexamples”) and contradicted the observational theories that supported these anomalies. But supporters … Read More

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