Moral relativism

|

Moral relativism (also: ethical relativism) is a metaethics positions of practical philosophy about moral principles, judgments and beliefs on social, cultural, historical or personal circumstances. According to this position, values and judgments, especially moral judgments, are not objective and in principle not universally valid. Rather, values ​​are dependent of cultural, historical, especially material conditions and individual … Read More

Metaphysical and logical arguments for the existence of God

|

During the history of philosophy and theology, many arguments for and against the existence of God have been made. The God in question here is what is sometimes called the God of the philosophers, namely the God of the great … Read More

Newton’s second law

|

Newton’s second law (the fundamental principle of dynamics, or the fundamental relation of dynamics) designates a law of physics relating the mass of an object, and the acceleration it receives if forces are applied to it. We can also see … Read More

German idealism

|

German idealism is the generic name given to a set of philosophies developed in Germany at the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th century. Its main representatives are: Emmanuel Kant (1724-1804), Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762-1814), … Read More

Research and innovation and the COVID-19 pandemic

|

The COVID-19 crisis is unprecedented. It has disrupted our lives, economy and society and the world has been struggling to contain the pandemic. While research and innovation (R&I) are at the core of the response to the pandemic itself in the areas … Read More

Platonism

|

Platonism or realism of ideas is a philosophical theory inspired more or less directly by the theory of forms of Plato, theory according to which there are intelligible entities in oneself, whose content is independent of the contingency of the … Read More

Philosophy of space and time

|

The philosophy of space and time is a branch of philosophy that deals with problems related to the epistemological and ontological characters of space and time. Greek thought Fulfilling all the demands of nascent rationality, Greek philosophy is by nature … Read More

Realism

|

In philosophy, realism refers to the position which affirms the existence of an external reality independent of our mind. Realism affirms both the existence and the independence of the world. Existence means that there is a world outside the subject, … Read More

Practical philosophy

|

Practical philosophy is the branch of philosophy which deals with the actions and activities of men. It classically includes moral philosophy, political philosophy; and, since Kant, the philosophy of law. Introduction Aim and nature of practical philosophy The fundamental and … Read More

Modern philosophy

|

Modern philosophy is the thought which, in the West, spans what historians call the modern era (1492-1789), including part of the Renaissance, the 17th century, and the Age of Enlightenment. It should not be confused with contemporary philosophy. Modern philosophy … Read More

Artistic idealism

|

(Neoclassical aesthetics is a paradigmatic example of idealistic art: The Oath of the Horatii, by Jacques-Louis David (1748–1825) .) The idealism in art is an artistic approach that seeks faithful representation of reality (mimesis), to equal the artistic realism; but … Read More

Book trade

|

Book trade is an industry that deals with the production and sale of books , in particular printed works, e-books, and other forms of media also so-called non-books. The branch is divided into three branches or trade levels – the manufacturing book trade ( publishing book trade ) , book … Read More

1 2 3 4 315