English Translation Style Guide for EU – SECONDARY LEGISLATION
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The various legal acts adopted under the Treaties form the European Union’s ‘secondary legislation’. As specified in Article 288 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, they comprise chiefly: Regulations Directives Decisions Regulations and decisions are directly … Read More

Lithuania Translation Style Guide
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Full name: Republic of Lithuania. Official language: Lithuanian. Geography Cities Note that Memel (German) is Klaipėda in Lithuanian. Bodies of water and coastal features Use the forms Curonian Lagoon for Kuršių marios and Curonian Spit for Kuršių nerija. Regions LIETUVA … Read More

Latvia Translation Style Guide
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Full name: Republic of Latvia. Official language: Latvian. Geography Cities Write Riga for Rīga, but leave diacritics on the names of all other urban centres irrespective of size (Liepāja, Rēzekne, Kuldīga, Žīguri, Ļaudona, Ķekava, Alūksne, Zirņi, etc.). Note Daugavpils (not … Read More

English Translation Style Guide for EU – The treaties founding the European Union
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THE EUROPEAN UNION The European Union — EU. In geographical terms, the European Union comprises the combined territories of its Member States. Since the Treaty of Lisbon (see 15.15), it now has legal personality in its own right and absorbs … Read More

Italy Translation Style Guide
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Full name: Italian Republic. Official language: Italian. Geography Cities Use the English spellings Florence, Genoa, Milan, Naples, Rome, Turin, Venice. Take care not to use the French spelling of other towns, which may differ only slightly from the Italian. Rivers … Read More

English Translation Style Guide for EU – Writing English – CORRESPONDENCE, PERSONAL NAMES AND TITLES, NAMES OF BODIES, GENDER-NEUTRAL LANGUAGE
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CORRESPONDENCE Translating incoming letters. If a letter is in an editable electronic format, simply overtype the original, though you need not translate irrelevant detail. However, if the letter cannot be overtyped, use a simple layout such as follows: Letter from: … Read More

Ireland Translation Style Guide
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Full name: Ireland. Ireland is the full name laid down in the Irish Constitution; Éire (the name in Irish) and Republic of Ireland/Irish Republic are incorrect in English. Official languages: English and Irish. Note that Irish became an EU official … Read More

English Translation Style Guide for EU – Writing English – LISTS, SCIENCE GUIDE, FOOTNOTES, CITATIONS AND REFERENCES
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LISTS Use automatic numbering wherever possible, since it is much easier to amend a list if the numbers are automatically adjusted. For the list items themselves, take care that each is a grammatically correct continuation of the introduction to the … Read More

Iceland Translation Style Guide
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Full name: Republic of Iceland. Official language: Icelandic. Judicial bodies Rannsóknarnefnd (Alþingis) > Special Investigation Commission Sérstaks saksóknari > Special Prosecutor Félagsdómur > Labour Court Héraðsdómur > district court Hæstiréttur > Supreme Court Landsdómur > Court of Impeachment

English Translation Style Guide for EU – Writing English – PARTS OF SPEECH
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ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS Biannual/biennial. ‘Biannual’ means twice a year and ‘biennial’ means every two years, but the terms are often confused. If the meaning is not clear from the context, use alternatives such as ‘twice-yearly’ or ‘two-yearly’ or clarify what … Read More

Hungary Translation Style Guide
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Full name: Hungary. Official language: Hungarian. Geography Cities Always use the Hungarian names of cities (retaining any accents) when writing in English. Lakes Write Lake Balaton for Balaton. Regions MAGYARORSZÁG > HUNGARY Közép-Magyarország > Central Hungary Dunántúl > Transdanubia Közép-Dunántúl … Read More

English Translation Style Guide for EU – Writing English – FOREIGN IMPORTS
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FOREIGN WORDS AND PHRASES IN ENGLISH TEXT Foreign words and phrases used in an English text should be italicised (no inverted commas) and should have the appropriate accents, e.g. inter alia, raison d’être. Exceptions: words and phrases now in common … Read More

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