Back-translation
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  The back-translation (sometimes called retroversion) is to write back in the language of a text already translated. It can be a very accurate and useful work as one who is translating English text into French and then retranslated into … Read More

Download Free eBook: Translation Style Guide for European Union Member States
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This guide is a companion to the English Translation Style Guide for European Union.    For each EU Member State, plus two candidate countries, the guide provides English terms and translations. Most of the individual country sections contain a general … Read More

Turkey Translation Style Guide
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  Full name: Republic of Turkey. Official language: Turkish. Judicial bodies Anayasa Mahkemesi > Constitutional Court Askeri Yargıtay > Military Court of Cassation Askeri Yüksek İdare Mahkemesi (AYİM) > High Military Administrative Court Başsavcı > Chief Public Prosecutor Ceza Dairesi … Read More

Crowdsourcing translation
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The advent of the Internet and its rash development in the past few decades have revolutionised our habits and patterns of behaviour. It offers huge opportunities for communication or access to information, but is often blamed for disrupting human relations. … Read More

Sweden Translation Style Guide
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Full name: Kingdom of Sweden. Call the country’s main administrative/regional units (län) ‘counties’ in English. Official language: Swedish. Geography Cities Note Gothenburg for Göteborg. However, the Swedish form should be used in some EU-specific contexts, e.g. the Göteborg summit/process. Regions … Read More

Translation studies
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Translation studies, as a science, is studying cognitive processes and language processes involved in oral or written reproduction (translation) or gestures towards a language, the expression of an idea from another language (vocal signs (speech), graphics (writing) or sign language). … Read More

Spain Translation Style Guide
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Full name: Kingdom of Spain. The 17 political/administrative units into which Spain is divided are called Autonomous Communities in English. Translate Presidente del Gobierno as Prime Minister (of Spain). Official language: Spanish. The regional languages Catalan, Galician and Basque are … Read More

Parallel text
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Parallel text, or multilingual concordance, is a computer tool for managing parallel corpus. By metonymy, the multilingual concordance also designates the corpus. A parallel corpus is a collection of texts by groups such as two by two in each group, … Read More

EU Guide for External Translators – Orders and documents
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The External Translation Unit of the DGT grants access to the eXtra Portal to the contractors working for the DGT. The eXtra Portal is a website to which the contractors connect to check newly announced jobs, download and upload documents … Read More

Slovakia Translation Style Guide
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Full name: Slovak Republic. Official language: Slovak. Geography Cities Be aware that Hungarian texts will nearly always use the Hungarian names for places in Slovakia, referring to Bratislava as Pozsony, Trnava as Nagyszombat or Košice as Kassa. Similarly, German texts … Read More

English Translation Style Guide for EU – FORMS OF ADDRESS
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All forms that begin ‘Dear’ are less formal than those that begin ‘Sir/Madam’, ‘Excellency’, etc. Close ‘Yours sincerely’ if you are addressing a specific person, whether by name or by position. Letters to Ambassadors and permanent representatives Envelop His/Her Excellency … Read More

English Translation Style Guide for EU – TRANSLITERATION
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TRANSLITERATION TABLE FOR GREEK NAME >>> LETTER >>> UN 1987 (ELOT 743) >>> VARIANTS alpha >>> Α >>> α >>> a beta >>> Β >>> β >>> v gamma >>> Γ >>> γ >>> g + gamma >>>  >>> γγ … Read More

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