Safety in European Union
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Physically, safety is the state of a situation with the minimum of risk. Psychically, safety is the state of mind of a person who feels calm and confident. For the individual or group, it is the feeling (well or ill-founded) … Read More

European Commission about the refugees crisis
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The Syria conflict has triggered the largest humanitarian crisis since World War II. Humanitarian needs steadily rise, population displacements continue, and an entire generation of children is being exposed to war and violence, increasingly deprived of basic services, education and … Read More

EU Commission accepts legally binding commitments for sale of e-books
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EU Commission accepts legally binding commitments from Simon & Schuster, Harper Collins, Hachette, Holtzbrinck and Apple for sale of e-books The European Commission has adopted a decision that renders legally binding commitments offered by Apple and four international publishers – … Read More

EU Member States
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  English name Membership year Code Local name Capital Official language(s) Currency Austria 1995 AT Österreich Vienna German (de) euro (€) Belge 1957 BE Belgique, België, Belgien Bruxelles French (fr), Dutch (nl), German (de) euro (€) Bulgaria 2007 BG България … Read More

Education in European Union
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Within the European Union education is the responsibility of Member States; European Union institutions play a supporting function. Based on Art. 165 from the Treaty on the Functioning from the European Union, the Neighborhood “shall contribute towards the development of … Read More

Economic and societal change in EU
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The digital revolution The internet has fundamentally changed the way consumers shop and businesses advertise and sell their goods and services. It has created innovative ways of organising, accessing, sharing and evaluating information, for example on prices, technical product characteristics … Read More

Ancient death customs in Europe
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Ancient Greece The first rite was the toilet of the death. In the Iliad, Patroclus is firstly washed by his friend Achilles. Then came the exposure of the deceased on a bed. The body was oiling, and covered with a … Read More

Current problems and future challenges for EU consumers
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Despite the high level of consumer protection already achieved in the EU, the situation on the ground for EU consumers can still be improved. A number of new challenges have emerged, in particular as a result of new developments in … Read More

Unfair terms in European Union
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In European Union, abusive clauses are clauses in consumer contracts that are considered void, unwritten as non-balanced for the consumer. Since Directive 93/13 of the Council of 5 April 1993, this type of clause is framed at European level. These … Read More

e-Commerce in the European Union
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The European Parliament and the Council adopted on 8 June 2000 an European Directive on electronic commerce (Directive 2000/31/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on certain legal aspects of information society, including the electronic commerce, in the … Read More

Building on strong EU consumer protection rules
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Over the past 50 years, the European Union has put in place a robust set of policies and rules to provide a high level of protection for EU consumers and to enable them to benefit from the social and economic … Read More

Consumer policy as an essential contribution to Europe 2020
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Consumer expenditure accounts for 56 % of EU GDP and is essential to meeting the Europe 2020 objective of smart, inclusive and sustainable growth. Stimulating this demand can play a major role in bringing the EU out of the crisis. … Read More

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