Anglo-Saxon tradition in philosophy of law
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In the United States, the influence of H. L. Hart (1907-1992) and Ronald Dworkin largely eclipse that of Kelsen. Under the term “legal philosophy”, the theory of Anglo-Saxon law closely links philosophy of law and jurisprudence. According to these authors, … Read More

Safety in European Union
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Physically, safety is the state of a situation with the minimum of risk. Psychically, safety is the state of mind of a person who feels calm and confident. For the individual or group, it is the feeling (well or ill-founded) … Read More

Gambling taxes and law in France
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Taxes (All of the information provided in this section are taken from the joint contribution of the Ministries of Interior, Budget and Agriculture.) The tax percentages below refer to the games exposed aggregate gross annual income from the activity in … Read More

Gambling law in Denmark
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Taxes Danish games of chance are not subject to VAT (the standard rate of 25%) except for certain slot machines (machines without cash prizes located in mobile amusement parks). The profits on games, lotteries and betting on the Faroe Islands … Read More

Drama of a city in Romania – The Romanian government no longer pays his employees
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While heavy water plant employees protest in front of the RAAN headquarters despairing that they have not received wages for months for their work, and asks themselves worried how their children will warm during the winter approaching, while other large … Read More

Gambling taxes and law in Austria
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Taxes The GSpG contains tax regulations which apply to all types of games falling under the purview of this Act. A federal licence levy of from 2 to 27,5% calculated in accordance with the stakes, applies to Lotteries, but for … Read More

Copyright exceptions for libraries and archives in European Union
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For the libraries and other similar establishments, two core issues have arisen: the production of digital copies of materials held in the libraries’ collections and the electronic delivery of these copies to users. Digitisation of books, audiovisual material and other … Read More

Copyright in European Union
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The Directive 2001/29/EC on the harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society (“the Directive”) has harmonised the right of reproduction, the right of communication to the public, the right of making available to the … Read More

Council of Europe: Convention on Cybercrime – CETS No.: 185
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Preamble The member States of the Council of Europe and the other States signatory hereto, Considering that the aim of the Council of Europe is to achieve a greater unity between its members; Recognising the value of fostering co-operation with … Read More

eCOGRA
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eCOGRA (eCommerce Online Gaming Regulation and Assurance) was founded in 2003, and is definitely an independent UK primarily based self-regulatory and compliance and advisory solutions organisation specialised within the domain of on-line gambling regulation. Nearly one hundred top operators and … Read More

Aleatory contract
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An aleatory contract is usually a contract in which the overall performance of one particular or each parties is contingent upon the occurrence of a specific event. Essentially the most popular form of aleatory contract are insurance policies. Such insurance … Read More

Decentralization law declared unconstitutional by Constitutional Court in Romania
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Constitutional Court (CC) decided today the unconstitutionality of the law proposed by Prime-Minister Victor Ponta and assumed by Parliament in November, following referral of Democratic Liberal Party (DLP). “Unanimously, CC admits the objection of unconstitutionality regarding criticism of unconstitutionality intrinsic … Read More

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