Blockchain Ontologies: OCL and REA
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Unified Modeling Language (UML) of Object Management Group, along with Object Constraint Language (OCL), (Purvis and Cranefield 1999) are considered by Joost de Kruijff and Hans Weigand as the best fit for blockchain ontology. (de Kruijff and Weigand 2017) OCL … Read More

Henri Poincaré: The evolution of laws (1)
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Mr. Boutroux, in his work on the contingency of the laws of nature, wondered if natural laws are not likely to change, if while the world is changing continuously, the laws themselves, that is to say to say the rules … Read More

Blockchain Enterprise Ontologies: TOVE and DEMO
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Enterprise ontology for blockchain transactions includes datalogical, infological and essential levels. OntoClean (Guarino 1998) developed by Nicola Guarino and Chris Welty (Guarino and Welty 2000) analyzes ontologies based on formal, domain-independent properties (metaproperties), being the first attempt to formalize the … Read More

Lakatos on Dogmatic Falsificationism
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Dogmatic (naturalist) falsificationism accepts the falsifiability of all scientific theories without qualification but preserves an infallible empirical basis. He is strictly empiric without being inductivist: he denies the fact that certainty of the empirical basis can be conveyed to theories. … Read More

Analogy of intelligence with other disciplines
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Science Intelligence analysis has many important epistemological resemblances with science (problem solving, discovery, skillful use of tools, knowledge verification) and is more interested in a posteriori than a priori knowledge, (Agrell and Treverton 2015) on how or the basis on … Read More

Intelligence Methodologies
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Methodology, in intelligence, consists of the methods used to make decisions about threats, especially in the intelligence analysis discipline. The enormous amount of information collected by intelligence agencies often puts them in the inability to analyze them all. According to … Read More

Ontology of Gravitational Singularities
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Peter Bokulich and Erik Curiel (Curiel and Bokulich 2018) assert that general relativity (GR) allows singularities, and that we need to understand the ontology of singularities if we want to understand the nature of space and time in the present … Read More

Polanyi’s tacit knowledge applied in intelligence
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Owen Ormerod has developed a theory that Michael Polanyi’s opinion on science can contribute to understanding the process and the “product” of intelligence analysis. (Ormerod 2018) Michael Polanyi’s arguments about the activities of scientists are transferable in the field of … Read More

Blockchain Philosophy – Bitcoin
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Blockchain Philosophy Donncha Kavanagh and Gianluca Miscione introduced the concept of digital heterotopia (1) as a way to describe and analyze the special and evolutionary relationship between contemporary state and digital money, including block-based cryptocurrencies. (Miscione and Kavanagh 2015) State … Read More

Ontology of Intelligence
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In intelligence, the ontological problem is related to the nature and characteristics of entities that threaten and are threatened. According to Eric Little and Galina Rogova, “[t]hreat is a very complex ontological item and, therefore, a proper threat ontology must … Read More

Gravitational Singularities
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Within the classical theory of Newton’s gravity there is the fundamental possibility of singularity. No signal can propagate from within a singularity, but its gravitational influence is permanently present externally and depends only on the total mass, the angular momentum, … Read More

Epistemic Intelligence Communities. Counterintelligence
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Epistemic communities Epistemic communities are informal networks of knowledge-based experts who influence decision-makers in defining issues they face, identifying different solutions, and evaluating results. (Hsu and Hasmath 2017) Peter M. Haas defined the conceptual framework of an epistemic community as … Read More

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