Prospective of short and medium term for abrupt climate changes
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(The Permian–Triassic extinction event, labelled “P-Tr” here, is the most significant extinction event in this plot for marine genera, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Extinction_intensity.svg) In the years 1980-1990, such risks imagined for the future were those related to the consequences of a major nuclear … Read More

Global dimming
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(This image on the Eastern China was acquired by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) onboard of Aqua satellite of NASA, October 16, 2002. The scene shows dozens of fires burning on the surface (red dots) and a thick smoke … Read More

Adaptation to global warming
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Adaptation to climate change or global warming refers to strategies, initiatives and measures individual or collective (companies, associations, communities, etc.) aimed, through appropriate measures, to reduce the vulnerability of natural and human systems against actual or expected effects of climate … Read More

Scientific research on climate change
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(Global mean land-ocean temperature change since 1880, relative to the 1951–1980 mean. The black line is the annual mean and the red line is the 5-year running mean. The green bars show uncertainty estimates. Source: NASA GISS) The positioning of … Read More

Planetary boundaries for a safe ecosystem
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The concept of planetary boundaries designates the limits not to be exceeded if mankind is able to develop in a safe ecosystem, that is to say avoiding brutal and difficult to predict environmental changes. An international team of 26 researchers … Read More

Abrupt climate change
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Abrupt climate change is defined as a large-scale change in the global climate system, and occurring over a short period of geologically and climate time (a few decades or less). This change causes significant disruption in natural systems and cause … Read More

Factors for Climate Change
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Currently, the phenomenon of so-called ”climate change” is not fully understood, but there are several hypotheses that may attempt to explain them. Astronomical causes (The variations of parameters and those of the temperature, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Milankovitch_Variations.png) This theory proposed by Milutin Milanković … Read More

UN Climate Change Conference and Global Warming
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Global warming is a phenomenon of increase in the average temperature of the oceans and the Earth’s atmosphere, measured globally over several decades, reflecting an increase in the amount of heat at the Earth’s surface. In its common meaning, the … Read More

Climate change
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(Image composite ilustrating main factors affecting climatic change, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Climate_change-en.svg) A climate change represents a lasting change (from decades to millions of years) of statistical parameters (mean parameters, variability) of the overall climate of the Earth or its various regional climates. … Read More