Epistemology of Quantum Gravity

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Recent decades indicate “a blurring of distinction between physical science and mathematical abstraction … [reflecting] a growing tendency to accept, and in some cases ignore, serious testability problems.” [1] Oldershaw lists dozens of major non-testing issues in the pre-instrumentalist era. … Read More

Anomalies of General Relativity

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Over time, the general theory of relativity has accumulated several anomalies and discrepancies, indicating the need for a better theory about gravity or other approaches: Stars in galaxies have a distribution of increasing speeds from the center to the periphery, … Read More

Cosmological Tests of Gravity

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The current cosmological models are built based on general relativity. The solutions of the specific equations, Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker, [1] allow to model the evolution of the universe starting from the Big Bang.[2] Some of the parameters of the universe have been … Read More

Strong Field Gravitational Tests

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When the density of the body becomes large enough, general relativity predicts the formation of a black hole. The neutron stars of about 1.4 solar masses and the black holes are the final stage for the evolution of the massive … Read More

Modern Tests of Relativistic Gravitational Theories

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Dicke and Schiff established a framework for testing general relativity, [1] including through null experiments and using the physics of space exploration, electronics and condensed matter, such as the Pound-Rebka experiment and laser interferometry. The gravitational lens tests and the … Read More

Classic gravitational tests of post-Einsteinian theories

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With the help of PPN formalism, gravity theories are confronted with the results of experiments in the solar system. The γ parameter in this formalism highlights the light deflection and the light delay. By calculations according to PPN, light deflection … Read More

Testing the relativistic theories of gravity

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Clifford M. Will describes, in Theory and Experiment in Gravitational Physics, [1] the emergence of a new era for general relativity, testing and checking at very high levels of accuracy. In 1959, scientists at Lincoln Laboratories in Massachusetts bombarded the … Read More

Evaluation of post-Einsteinian gravitational theories through parameterized post-Newtonian formalism

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Proliferation of post-Einsteinian gravitational theories Right after the elaboration and success of general relativity (GR), alternative theories for gravity began to appear, which can fall into four broad categories: [1] Bifurcated theories (with the Lakatosian[2] hard core identical or very … Read More

Heuristics of the General Relativity

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The essential principle of coordination in GR is the principle of equivalence, including a negative heuristic. The argument “is not that all reference frames are equivalent, but that the classical coordination of uniform motion in a straight line with the … Read More

Epistemology of General Relativity

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Early philosophical interpretations of the general theory of relativity are very diverse, each trying to identify Einstein as a follower of that philosophy. Mach’s supporters highlighted Einstein’s attempt to implement a “relativization of inertia” in general relativity (GR), and his … Read More

Tests and Anomalies of Post-Newtonian Gravitational Theories

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Tests of post-Newtonian theories Newton’s proposed tests In the first edition of Principia, Newton considered that the experiments with the pendulum would allow him to decipher the different types of resistance force and their variation with speed. It recognizes the … Read More

Proliferation of Post-Newtonian, Non-Relativistic Theories

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Theoreticians have formulated a set of fundamental criteria that any theory of gravity should satisfy, two purely theoretical and two that are based on experimental evidence[1]. Thus, a theory must be: complete (capable of analyzing from the “first principles” the … Read More

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