Cosmological argument

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The cosmological argument is a type of argument of classical natural theology that starts from some alleged properties of the observed universe (its coming into being, its being able to have been different from what it is, the contingency or … Read More

Schools of thought

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A school of thought refers to a collection of people who share similar opinions or a similar point of view in philosophy, in their academic discipline, in their beliefs, in a social movement, in a cultural movement or in an … Read More

eBook History

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1970s and 1980s In 1971, Michael Hart created the Gutenberg Project with the aim of digitizing a large quantity of books and creating a virtual library offering a collection of electronic documents for free access. With this project, Hart wanted … Read More

Physics disciplines, theories and methods

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Disciplines Contemporary physics research is divided into various disciplines that study different aspects of the physical world. Field(s) Disciplines Main theories Some concepts Astrophysics and Mechanics Cosmology, Planetology, Plasma Physics, Big Bang Astroparticles Big Bang, Cosmic Inflation, General Relativity, Dark … Read More

Meta-ethics

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Meta-ethics refers to the part of moral philosophy which analyzes the fundamental concepts of ethics, their epistemological presuppositions and their meaning. It goes hand in hand with normative ethics, the foundations of which it is supposed to define. Meta-ethics, for … Read More

God

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(William Blake, Europe a Prophecy, etching and watercolor, 23.4 × 16.9 cm, 1794, London, British Museum.) God (inherited from the Latin deus, itself from an Indo-European root * deiwos, “a divinity”, from the base *dei-, “glow, shine”) designates a supreme … Read More

The development of Confucianism until its official recognition

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The main disciples of the master are called the Twelve Philosophers and revered in Confucian temples. When Confucianism becomes official doctrine for the recruitment of civil servants under the previous Han, we can already distinguish different currents. Thereafter, two thousand … Read More

Conceptualism

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Conceptualism is a philosophical theory that a concept (general or abstract idea) is a mental object, and only that. A concept (idea of ​​pink, red) is distinct from the things to which it can apply (a concrete red rose), which … Read More

Two possible approaches of the philosophy of language

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(Parmenides, detail from The School of Athens by Raphael. “You cannot know what is not, you cannot grasp or express it; for thought and being are the same thing. (Parmenides).) In general, there are two possible approaches to the problem … Read More

Medieval philosophy

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Medieval philosophy is the set of works and philosophical currents developed during the Middle Ages in a slightly larger geographic area than that of the Hellenistic and Roman world of Antiquity, and in which Judaism, Christianity and Islam were developed. … Read More

An application for COVID-19 was installed on all smartphones

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An application for COVID-19 was installed in both Android and iOS mobile phones in their settings, following the update of the operating systems. On Android devices, go to “Settings” then “Google”, and you will find there the application “COVID-19 exposure … Read More

African philosophy

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(Colossal statues of Ramesses II at Abu Simbel, Egypt, date from around 1400 BC. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Abu_Simbel_Main_Temple_(2346939149).jpg) If it must be said that the expression “African philosophy” posed a problem of the same ilk as that declared with the expression “Chinese philosophy”. … Read More

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