Aesthetics and philosophy of art
| |

The philosophy of art designates both the almost constant interest of philosophers for art since antiquity and a discipline more or less conceived as autonomous since the end of the eighteenth century. For the historian of philosophy Michel Blay, two … Read More

Scientific methods within the context of justification
| |

Hans Reichenbach, who was close to logical positivism, distinguished between the context of justification and the context of discovery. The context of discovery refers to the process that results in proposing a theoretical result, whereas the context of justification concerns … Read More

Mind
| |

(Representation of faculties of the human mind.) The mind is the totality of phenomena and mental faculties: perception, affectivity, intuition, thought, concept, judgment, morality … In many religious traditions, it is a principle of the intangible life of the human … Read More

Common-sense realism (Naïve realism)
| |

The expression naïve realism indicates a set of philosophical conceptions of perception (and by extension a set of realistic metaphysical conceptions), sometimes also called common-sense realism, direct realism , or natural realism , which strongly re-evaluate (in different ways ) the concept of common sense.  (Naïve realism argues we perceive … Read More

Deterrence theory
| |

Deterrence is a theory that one can prevent someone from doing something by fear of potential consequences. (The USS Growler, one of two submarines designed to provide a nuclear deterrence using missile cruise with a 500-mile (800 km) range-placed on … Read More

Philosophy of science
| |

Philosophy of science is the branch of philosophy that studies the philosophical underpinnings, systems and implications of science, whether natural sciences (physics, biology, etc.) or social sciences (psychology, economics , etc.). The philosophy of science is closer to epistemology and … Read More

Emotivism
| |

Emotivism is the meta-ethical (about ethics) view that moral judgments are expressions of the emotions or attitudes of the speaker who makes these judgments. “Bad” refers to a negative emotion associated with an attitude of disapproval, while “good” refers to … Read More

Eastern philosophy
| |

(The Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove, embroidery, 1860-1880.) Eastern philosophy is a field of philosophy which designates the philosophical traditions elaborated in the Asian, Persian and Islamic countries of tradition. Eastern philosophy is distinguished from Western philosophy by the … Read More

Western philosophy
| |

 (School of Athens: Epicurus, Averroes, Pythagoras Parmenides, Socrates, by Raphael) Western philosophy refers to philosophical thought and its elaboration in the West, thus distinguishing itself from Eastern philosophy or other diverse tendencies observed among many indigenous peoples. The term is … Read More

Continental philosophy
| |

Continental philosophy is a term originally coined by English-speaking philosophers, especially those associated with analytic philosophy to designate several philosophical traditions from continental Europe (especially Germany and then France). In use, the term continental philosophy corresponds to the Roman-Germanic tradition. … Read More

Ancient philosophy – Socrates
| |

The term ancient philosophy generally refers to Hellenistic philosophy, which was born in the seventh century BC, with Socrates and Plato, and their successors in the Roman Empire as well as in the Arab-Muslim world. It thus applies to a … Read More

Axiology
| |

Axiology (from the Greek: axia or axios, value, quality) can define either the science of moral values ​​or, in philosophy, at the same time a theory of values ​​(axios) or a branch of philosophy interested in the domain of values. … Read More

1 2 3 4 51