Type-identity theory
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The theory of mind-brain identity is a form of philosophical materialism concerning the nature of the mind. It is one of the main versions of the theory of psychophysical (mental/cerebral) identity with which it must not be confused. History The … Read More

Representative democracy IS NOT democracy
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(House of Commons of the United Kingdom) Representative democracy ( indirect democracy, representative republic, representative government or psephocracy), is a political system in which a restricted assembly is recognized as having the right to represent a people, a nation or … Read More

Expected environmental consequences of global warming (1)
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Models used to predict future global warming can also be used to simulate the consequences of this warming on other physical parameters of the Earth, such as ice caps, precipitation, or sea levels. In this area, a number of consequences … Read More

Virtue ethics
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The ethics of virtue is an expression used in contemporary moral philosophy, in order to distinguish it from two other major currents of normative ethics: deontological ethics, which insists on the moral duty proper to action, and consequentialism, which insists … Read More

Theorists and the legislative aspects of animal rights and vegetarianism
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(The Japanese Emperor Temmu.) Vegetarianism is a practice that can be motivated by the law – defined as the “set of rules that govern the conduct of man in society, social relations”, in the obviously context of the law considering … Read More

Memory
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(The forms and functions of memory in science. ) In psychology, memory is the faculty of the mind to record, preserve, and recall past experiences. His research is carried out by different disciplines: cognitive psychology, neuropsychology, and psychoanalysis. Cognitive psychology … Read More

Direct democracy
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(A Landsgemeinde, or assembly, of the canton of Glarus, on 7 May 2006, Switzerland. ) Direct democracy is a political system in which citizens directly exercise power without the intermediary of representatives. Initially equivalent to the concept of democracy since … Read More

Consequentialism
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Consequentialism is part of the teleological ethics and constitutes the set of moral theories which maintain that it is the consequences of a given action which must constitute the basis of any moral judgment of the said action. Thus, from … Read More

Animal in philosophy
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Ancient philosophy has bequeathed its vision of the animal from a problem of man in the world: the Stoics have a dogmatic and anthropocentric vision of the animal, while Academicians have a holistic vision, placing the general history of animals … Read More

Democracy
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(A map of the world showing the results of The Economist’s Democracy Index survey for 2017. ) Full democracies    9–10    8–8.9 Flawed democracies    7–7.9    6–6.9 Hybrid regimes    5–5.9    4–4.9 Authoritarian regimes    3–3.9    … Read More

Fine-tuned Universe – The Fine Tuning Argument
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 (The Discovery Institute’s Center for the Renewal of Science and Culture used banners based on The Creation of Adam from the Sistine Chapel. Later it used a less religious image, then was renamed the Center for Science and Culture.) In … Read More

Plato about climate change
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(Rhamnous, an ancient Greek city in Attica.) Plato, the Greek philosopher, describes the effect of local climate change in Attica in his Critias: “The land was the best in the world, and was therefore able in those days to support … Read More

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