Analogy of intelligence with other disciplines
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Science Intelligence analysis has many important epistemological resemblances with science (problem solving, discovery, skillful use of tools, knowledge verification) and is more interested in a posteriori than a priori knowledge, (Agrell and Treverton 2015) on how or the basis on … Read More

Intelligence Methodologies
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Methodology, in intelligence, consists of the methods used to make decisions about threats, especially in the intelligence analysis discipline. The enormous amount of information collected by intelligence agencies often puts them in the inability to analyze them all. According to … Read More

Polanyi’s tacit knowledge applied in intelligence
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Owen Ormerod has developed a theory that Michael Polanyi’s opinion on science can contribute to understanding the process and the “product” of intelligence analysis. (Ormerod 2018) Michael Polanyi’s arguments about the activities of scientists are transferable in the field of … Read More

Ontology of Intelligence
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In intelligence, the ontological problem is related to the nature and characteristics of entities that threaten and are threatened. According to Eric Little and Galina Rogova, “[t]hreat is a very complex ontological item and, therefore, a proper threat ontology must … Read More

Epistemic Intelligence Communities. Counterintelligence
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Epistemic communities Epistemic communities are informal networks of knowledge-based experts who influence decision-makers in defining issues they face, identifying different solutions, and evaluating results. (Hsu and Hasmath 2017) Peter M. Haas defined the conceptual framework of an epistemic community as … Read More

Intelligence Analysis
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The analysts are in the field of “knowledge”. Intelligence refers to knowledge and the types of problems addressed are knowledge problems. So, we need a concept of work based on knowledge. We need a basic understanding of what we know … Read More

Knowledge Engineering and Intelligence Gathering
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A process of intelligence gathering begins when a user enters a query into the system. Several objects can match the result of a query with different degrees of relevance. Most systems estimate a numeric value about how well each object … Read More

Intelligence cycle
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The intelligence cycle is a set of processes used to provide useful information for decision-making. The cycle consists of several processes. The related counter-intelligence area is tasked with preventing information efforts from others. Figure 1 Intelligence cycle or process A … Read More

The Intelligence Community
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Michael Goodman believes that although intelligence is not a new phenomenon, the academic study of it is an emerging field. (Goodman 2007) The intelligence cycle is generally considered to be composed of five phases: planning and targeting; collect; collection; analyze; … Read More

An Epistemic Evolution of Intelligence
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Information is power. Intelligence includes a wide variety of meanings in different contexts, from daily to technical. Stewart believes that the transformation of information into knowledge is a critical one, which is the basis for creating value and competitive advantage … Read More

Romania left out by the EU member states
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A passenger civilian plane with Russian Deputy President Dimitri Rogozin was banned from entering the Romanian airspace. In accordance with a European Union decision, Rogozin is banned from entering the EU. He was to join, together with other Russian officials, … Read More

US improve Europe’s defense system on the Eastern flank
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Trump intends to increase with 40% the European Reassurance Initiative (ERI) budget, a program initiated in 2014 by the United States to ensure Europe’s security, especially the Eastern flank of NATO. The budget of the program increased from an initial … Read More

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