Knowledge models
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Origins of the theory Francis Bacon’s model According to the English philosopher Francis Bacon, it is the observations and experiences that give us access to the real, and the theory follows from generalized induction. For Bacon, the construction of theories … Read More

Idealism
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Idealism is any philosophical theory which considers that the ultimate nature of reality rests on the mind, on abstract forms, or on mental representations. From the point of view of the philosophy of knowledge, idealism (reality is abstract and concrete, … Read More

Type-identity theory
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The theory of mind-brain identity is a form of philosophical materialism concerning the nature of the mind. It is one of the main versions of the theory of psychophysical (mental/cerebral) identity with which it must not be confused. History The … Read More

Philosophical debates on knowledge
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Positivism vs. Constructivism Some epistemological postures consider the object “knowledge” in a radically different way: the positivist posture considers the truth value of propositional knowledge representing reality as independent of the will of men, without metaphysical content and where a … Read More

Theory of knowledge
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(Nature unveiling itself to Science Allegory of Louis-Ernest Barrias.) The theory of knowledge has been assimilated to the philosophy of knowledge and to gnoseology. When the theory of knowledge is assimilated to the philosophy of knowledge, it is part of … Read More

Knowledge definition – The Gettier problem
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Knowledge is a notion with multiple meanings both used in everyday language and as an object of advanced study on the part of philosophy and science. More particularly by: the theory of knowledge, epistemology, zetetics, psychology, cognitive science, anthropology and … Read More

Surprising observations on animal cognition
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(Back of honey bees to the fold after collecting pollen. Photo 2007) Animal intelligence (animal cognition) is a term referring to the cognitive abilities of animals and their study. The subject has given rise to numerous studies whose results not … Read More

Cognitive bias
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A cognitive bias is a pattern of thought, due to deviation of the judgment. The term bias refers to systematic deviation from reality. The study of cognitive biases is the subject of numerous studies in cognitive psychology, social psychology, and … Read More

Cognition
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Cognition is the scientific term used to describe the set of mental processes that relate to the knowledge of function such as memory, language, reasoning, learning, intelligence, problem solving, decision making, perception or attention. Cognitive processes are distinguished from mental … Read More

Knowledge Management
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Knowledge Management is the set of initiatives, methods and techniques to collect, identify, analyze, organize, store, and share knowledge between members of organizations, in particular the knowledge created by the company itself (eg, marketing, research and development) or acquired from … Read More