The branches of Western philosophy
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Philosophy is far from being a well-defined field of knowledge in the sense that the problems it confronts are of extreme variety. It studies many objects, that is why its subdivision into different branches is problematic and arbitrary. Moreover, if … Read More

Formalism and natural language in analytic philosophy
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Tradition, doctrine and method The definition of analytic philosophy remains ambiguous to the point that it has been argued that it is “preferable to speak of analytic philosophies in the plural.” It can be clarified by distinguishing three uses of … Read More

The concept of concept in philosophy
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A concept is a sum of thought, which, when linked to other sum of thought, can form a proposition. A concept is a signifier which can be expressed by means of a signifier (a word or a statement), and it … Read More

Yvon Quiniou: Misery of the contemporary philosophy, with regard to materialism
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Yvon Quiniou is a French Marxist philosopher. He published several interesting books, such as Atheism and Materialism Today (2004), Critique of Religion, a moral and intellectual imposition (2014), and especially a very useful For a critical approach to Islam (2016), … Read More

Anglo-Saxon tradition in philosophy of law
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In the United States, the influence of H. L. Hart (1907-1992) and Ronald Dworkin largely eclipse that of Kelsen. Under the term “legal philosophy”, the theory of Anglo-Saxon law closely links philosophy of law and jurisprudence. According to these authors, … Read More

Philosophy and history of Western philosophy
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(Representation of Wisdom (1635): “Sapiens Dominabitur Astris”. Free text translation: “Who acquires wisdom will master the stars.”) If philosophy has a long history, it is necessary to distinguish the practice of philosophy from the simple study of past doctrines. Sometimes … Read More

Western philosophy as a way of life
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(Jean-Léon Gérôme, Diogenes, 1860. Romantic portrait which represents also the dog (in Greek “κύων”) which gave its name to cynicism.) The philosophy was understood very early as a way of life and not just as a theoretical reflection. In other … Read More

History of philosophy
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(Famous representation of the different schools of antiquity: it is recognized, in center, Plato pointing the finger of heaven (referring to his theory of Ideas) and Aristotle showing opposed the land (referring to his desire to anchor knowledge in the … Read More

Analytic philosophy
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(Gottlob Frege) The term “analytic philosophy” means a ”philosophical” movement who was founded initially on the new contemporary logic, outcome of the work of Gottlob Frege and Bertrand Russell in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, to answer the … Read More

Animal-machine
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Animal-machine is an etiological hypothesis that animals are machines. Such as machinery, animals would be assemblies of parts and machinery, devoid of conscience or thought. This design is born by René Descartes in the seventeenth century and is part of … Read More

Philosophy of law
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Philosophy of law (not to be confused with the theory of law, including distinction made by Hans Kelsen in the “Pure Theory of Law“) is the study and analysis of the concepts and fundamental principles of law and legislation. Discipline … Read More

The methods of Western Philosophy
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(Paul Gauguin, Where did we come from? Who are we? Where are we going? (1897-1898).) It is possible, in a first approach, ex negativo delineate a number of methods and heuristic principles that characterize at least in part philosophy. Negative … Read More