Epistemic Intelligence Communities. Counterintelligence
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Epistemic communities Epistemic communities are informal networks of knowledge-based experts who influence decision-makers in defining issues they face, identifying different solutions, and evaluating results. (Hsu and Hasmath 2017) Peter M. Haas defined the conceptual framework of an epistemic community as … Read More

Epistemological questions
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Jean Ladrière gives a definition of scientific rationality: “A rational approach, in the cognitive as in the order of action, is an approach that is accompanied by the demonstration of its validity or its legitimacy, in accordance with criteria which … Read More

Contemporary epistemology and complex epistemology
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Contemporary epistemology Criticism of logical positivism Quine and the “naturalized epistemology” With article Two Dogmas of Empiricism, Willard Van Orman Quine criticizes two central aspects of logical positivism. The first is the distinction between analytic truths and synthetic truths: there … Read More

Epistemology, from empiricism to logical positivism
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Empiricism (Isaac Newton) Empiricism postulates that all knowledge comes essentially from experience. Represented by the English philosophers Roger Bacon, John Locke and George Berkeley, this current postulates that knowledge is based on the accumulation of observations and measurable facts, from … Read More

Cartesian epistemology
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According to Hervé Barreau, modern epistemology derives from Kant’s criticism in the eighteenth century and from the positivism of Comte in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. But it also draws on older traditions, including ancient and Cartesian traditions. It was … Read More

Epistemology and science
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Field of application of epistemology For a long time, epistemology has focused exclusively on the content of science, the history of this content, and the genealogy of the advances of this content. Science as a human institution was left to … Read More