Equality of outcome

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The equality of outcome (equality of results) is a concept of social justice that defends real equality achieved and proven in the field of human rights, both civil and political rights and economic, social and cultural rights . (In the novel Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, the Dodo tells Alice … Read More

Through the pandemic, towards a new communism?

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Following the declaration of the COVID-19 pandemic, Slavoj Žižek published a book called Pandemic!: COVID-19 Shakes the World (Žižek 2020a) which triggered a wave of reactions. In the book, he presents how the media ruthlessly exploited this subject, accentuating the … Read More

Biopolitics in the COVID-19 pandemic

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Biopower is a term coined by Michel Foucault, referring to the practice of modern nation-states by “an explosion of numerous and diverse techniques for achieving the subjugations of bodies and the control of populations”. (Foucault 1990, 140) Foucault used the … Read More

Social equality

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Social equality is a legal and philosophical concept. It stems from the principle of equality, which appears at the head of the declarations of human rights (universal declaration of human rights of 1948). This has two main aspects: civil equality, … Read More

Global warming and gender equality are the priorities of Ursula von der Leyen

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Ursula Gertrud von der Leyen (born Albrecht, on October 8, 1958) is a German politician and elected president of the European Commission. She was Germany’s Defense Minister from 2013 to 2019. Member of the center-right Christian Democratic Union (CDU), she … Read More

Representative democracy IS NOT democracy

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(House of Commons of the United Kingdom) Representative democracy ( indirect democracy, representative republic, representative government or psephocracy), is a political system in which a restricted assembly is recognized as having the right to represent a people, a nation or … Read More

Direct democracy

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(A Landsgemeinde, or assembly, of the canton of Glarus, on 7 May 2006, Switzerland. ) Direct democracy is a political system in which citizens directly exercise power without the intermediary of representatives. Initially equivalent to the concept of democracy since … Read More

Democracy

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(A map of the world showing the results of The Economist’s Democracy Index survey for 2017. ) Full democracies    9–10    8–8.9 Flawed democracies    7–7.9    6–6.9 Hybrid regimes    5–5.9    4–4.9 Authoritarian regimes    3–3.9    … Read More

Political philosophy

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(Plato (left) and Aristotle (right), from a detail of “The School of Athens”, a fresco by Raphael. Plato’s “Republic“, and Aristotle’s “Politics“ secured the two Greek philosophers as two of the most influential political philosophers.) Political philosophy is a branch … Read More

Romania left out by the EU member states

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A passenger civilian plane with Russian Deputy President Dimitri Rogozin was banned from entering the Romanian airspace. In accordance with a European Union decision, Rogozin is banned from entering the EU. He was to join, together with other Russian officials, … Read More

EU: sanctions for Hungary and triggering Article 7 for violation of human rights

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The situation in Hungary justifies the triggering of the procedure which may result in sanctions for Hungary, MEPs say in a resolution adopted on Wednesday. MEPs see serious deterioration of rule of law and democracy Controversial laws must be suspended … Read More

Mark Zuckerberg will not run for 2020 US president, but will focuse on Facebook and Chan Zuckerberg Initiative – For now

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There are signs that Mark Zuckerberg has politically ambitious, but he denied in a interview with BuzzFeed News: ”No, I’m focused on building our community at Facebook and working on the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative.” Chan Zuckerberg Initiative (CZI) is a US … Read More

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