Advent symbols and traditions
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In Catholicism, The great Os, sometimes called “Major Antiphons”, or “O before the Christmas”, are antiphonies sung of Vespers of Advent in the week preceding the Feast of the Nativity. Tradition had been respected since about the eighth century in … Read More

The Star of Bethlehem
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The “Star of Bethlehem” or “Christmas Star” is the sign that, according to the Gospel, announced to the Oriental Magi the birth of Jesus. The Christian tradition (The star guiding the Magi, mosaic of Ravenna, beginning of the 6th century, … Read More

Christmas markets
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(Christmas market in Köln, Germany, in front of Cologne Cathedral, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Weihnachtsmarkt_Dom_2011_1.jpg) A Christmas market is an outdoor market associated with the Christmas celebration and traditionally held during Advent. There is everything about the Christmas party but also about Saint Nicholas. … Read More

History of the Christmas tree
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(Rock carvings in the Swedish province of Bohuslän, made between 1800 and 500 BC and showing a spruce) If it is clear that the custom of the modern Christmas tree dates back to the Renaissance in the Germanic countries (attestation … Read More

Origins of Santa Claus
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(“Ghost of Christmas Present”, an illustration by John Leech made for Charles Dickens’s festive classic A Christmas Carol (1843)) Santa Claus, as it is commonly depicted, can be seen as a relatively modern syncretistic building with far-reaching origins: it is … Read More

Adoration of the Magi
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  (Adoration of the Magi, Gentile da Fabriano, 1423) The Adoration of the Magi from an episode of the Gospel according to Matthew (2-1-12) is a popular Christian iconographic theme of an episode in the life of Christ, the visit … Read More

Christmas lights
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(A decorated avenue from Madrid, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Alumbrado_navide%C3%B1o_en_Madrid_%282007%29.jpg) Christmas lights are lights installed outside during the Christmas period, and more generally for the period of the holiday season. These Christmas decorations can be placed on buildings, trees, or through the streets, mainly … Read More

Christmas Advent Liturgy – Meaning and Ceremonial
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(Incense during vespers of Advent.) The time of Advent celebrates the triple coming of Christ; His birth in Bethlehem two thousand years ago, his coming into the heart of men of all times, and his glorious return at the end … Read More

Christmas gifts
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It is traditional to offer a Christmas gift for the Christmas holiday, usually to children and the immediate family. These gifts are offered according to tradition, the evening of December 24 and follows the opening of gifts at midnight. This … Read More

Christmas dishes
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Albania Byrek me kungull dhe arre, a traditional Albanian pumpkin accompanied by walnut tart Traditional Albanian pie, this dish is usually cooked on Christmas Eve, often in Catholic families. The pie is made with wheat flour, pumpkin, nuts, vegetable oil … Read More

The miracles of St. Nicholas
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It is difficult to find the oldest traces of the cult of St. Nicholas because of the Quarrel of Images which wiped almost all pictorial representations of saints dating from before the eighth century. However, we know that the saint … Read More

Christmas baubles
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A Christmas bauble is a ball-shaped Christmas decoration, which clings to the branches of the fir trees installed during Christmas. În 1521, the first written mention of a Christmas tree is registered on a municipal register of the city of … Read More

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