Species: F. silvestris
Subspecies: F. s. catus
Trinomial name: Felis silvestris catus (Linnaeus, 1758)
The cat, also known as the domestic cat or home cat, is really a little feline carnivorous mammal from the subspecies Felis silvestris catus. Its most instant pre-domestication ancestor will be the African wild cat, Felis silvestris lybica. The cat has been living in close association with humans for a minimum of 3,500 years; the Ancient Egyptians routinely utilized cats to help keep mice as well as other rodents (mainly rats) away from their grain (as well as believed that cats had been sacred towards the goddess Bastet). The history from the domestic cat might stretch back even additional, as 8,000-year-old bones of humans and cats had been discovered buried with each other around the island of Cyprus.
A group of cats is known as a clowder, whilst a male cat is known as a tom, along with a female is known as a queen or quean. An immature cat is known as a kitten (that is also an alternate name for young rats, rabbits, hedgehogs, beavers, and squirrels). A cat whose ancestry is formally registered is known as a purebred cat, a pedigree cat, or perhaps a show cat (even though not all show cats are pedigree or purebred). In strict terms, a purebred cat is 1 whose ancestry consists of only people from the exact same breed. A pedigree cat is 1 whose ancestry is recorded, but might have ancestors of various breeds.
Purebreds are much less than 1 % from the total feline population; cats of mixed ancestry are known as domestic longhairs and domestic shorthairs or generally as random-bred, moggies, mongrels, mutt-cats or alley cats. The ratio of pedigree/purebred cats to random-bred cats varies from nation to nation.
You will find dozens of breeds of domestic cats, some hairless or tailless, and they exist inside a selection of various colors such as multicolored. They’re skilled predators and happen to be recognized to hunt more than 1 thousand various species for meals. They’re also intelligent animals: some are in a position to manipulate easy mechanisms like lever-handled doors and flush toilets. They communicate by calling (“meow”/”miaou”), purring, hissing, and gesturing. Simply because the domestication from the cat is fairly current, cats might also nonetheless reside successfully within the wild, frequently forming little colonies. The cat’s association with humans leads it to figure prominently within the mythology and legends of a number of cultures, such as the ancient Egyptians, Vikings, and Chinese.
History and mythology
Cats happen to be kept with humans because a minimum of the days of Ancient Egypt via numerous cultures. In Ancient Egypt, the cat god, Bast, is really a goddess from the house and from the domestic cat, even though she occasionally took around the war-like aspect of a lioness. Daughter from the sun god Ra, even though occasionally regarded because the daughter of Amun. She was the wife of Ptah and mother from the lion-god Mihos. Her cult was centered on her sanctuary at Bubastis within the delta area, exactly where a necropolis has been discovered containing mummified cats. Bast was also related using the ‘eye of Ra’, acting because the instrument from the sun god’s vengeance. She was depicted as a cat or in human type using the head of a cat, frequently holding the sacred rattle referred to as the sistrum.
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