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Easter

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Resurrection of Jesus Christ
Resurrection of Jesus Christ

Observed By most Christians, although many non-Christians observe secular practices, especially in Australia, Canada, UK and the US

Type Religious

Significance Celebrates the death and resurrection of Jesus as the basis for the salvation of humankind

Date the first Sunday after the first full moon of spring

Celebrations Religious (church) services, Easter egg hunts, gifts (USA)

Observances Prayer, Whipping (Czech Republic)

Associated with Passover, a Jewish vacation of comparable origins, Christmas, which honors the birth of Jesus, Septuagesima, Quinquagesima, Shrove Tuesday, Ash Wednesday, Lent, Palm Sunday, Great Friday, and Holy Saturday which lead as much as Easter, and Ascension, Pentecost, Whit Monday, Trinity Sunday, and Corpus Christi which adhere to it

Easter is the most significant religious vacation from the Christian liturgical year, observed in March, April, or Might to celebrate the resurrection of Jesus, which Christians think occurred following his death by crucifixion in AD 27-33 (see Great Friday). Easter may also refer towards the season from the church year, lasting for fifty days, which follows this vacation and ends at Pentecost.

Position within the church year

Western Christianity

In Western Christianity, Easter marks the finish from the forty days of Lent, a period of fasting and penitence in preparation for Easter which starts on Ash Wednesday and ends at Easter Sunday.

The week prior to Easter is extremely unique within the Christian tradition: the Sunday prior to is Palm Sunday, and also the final 3 days prior to Easter are Maundy Thursday or Holy Thursday, Great Friday and Holy Saturday (occasionally known as Silent Saturday). Palm Sunday, Maundy Thursday and Great Friday respectively commemorate Jesus’ entry in Jerusalem, the Final Supper and also the Crucifixion. Holy Thursday, Great Friday, and Holy Saturday are occasionally known as the Easter Triduum (Latin for “Three Days”). In some nations, Easter lasts two days, using the second known as “Easter Monday”. The week starting with Easter Sunday is known as Easter Week or the Octave of Easter, and every day is prefaced with ‘Easter’, e.g. Easter Monday, Easter Tuesday, and so on. Easter Saturday is consequently the Saturday following Easter Sunday. The day prior to Easter is correctly known as Holy Saturday. Numerous churches begin celebrating Easter late within the evening of Holy Saturday at a service known as the Easter Vigil.

Eastertide, the season of Easter, starts on Easter Sunday and lasts till the day of Pentecost, seven weeks later.

Eastern Christianity

In Eastern Christianity, preparations start with Fantastic Lent. Following the fifth Sunday of Fantastic Lent is Palm Week, which ends with Lazarus Saturday. Lazarus Saturday officially brings Fantastic Lent to a close, even though the quick continues for the following week. Following Lazarus Saturday comes Palm Sunday, Holy Week, and lastly Easter itself, or Pascha (??s?a), and also the quick is broken instantly following the Divine Liturgy. Easter is instantly followed by Vibrant Week, throughout which there’s no fasting, even on Wednesday and Friday.

The Paschal Service consists of Paschal Matins, Hours, and Liturgy, which traditionally starts at midnight of Pascha morning. Putting the Paschal Divine Liturgy at midnight guarantees that no Divine Liturgy will come earlier within the morning, making certain its location because the pre-eminent “Feast of Feasts” within the liturgical year.

Word for “Easter” in different languages

Names related to Eostremonat (Eostre Month)

  • English Easter
  • German Ostern
  • Samoan Eseta (derived from English)

Names derived from the Hebrew Pesach (Passover)

  • Latin Pascha or Festa Paschalia
  • Greek Πάσχα (Paskha)
  • Afrikaans Paasfees
  • Arabic عيد الفصح (ʿĪdu l-Fiṣḥ)
  • Bulgarian Пасха (Paskha)
  • Catalan Pasqua
  • Danish Påske
  • Dutch Pasen
  • Esperanto Pasko
  • Finnish Pääsiäinen
  • French Pâques
  • Icelandic Páskar
  • Indonesian Paskah
  • Irish Cáisc
  • Italian Pasqua
  • Lower Rhine German Paisken
  • Norwegian Påske
  • Tagalog (Philippines) Pasko ng Muling Pagkabuhay (literally “the Pasch of the Resurrection”)
  • Polish Pascha
  • Portuguese Páscoa
  • Romanian Paşti
  • Russian Пасха (Paskha)
  • Scottish Gaelic Casca
  • Spanish Pascua
  • Swedish Påsk
  • Turkish Paskalya
  • Welsh Pasg

Names used in other languages

  • Armenian Զատիկ (Zatik, literally “resurrection”)
  • Belarusian Вялікдзень or Vialikdzen’ (literally “the Great Day”)
  • Bulgarian Великден (Velikden, literally “the Great Day”)
  • Simplified Chinese: 复活节; Traditional Chinese: 復活節; Pinyin: Fùhuó Jié (literally “Resurrection Festival”)
  • Croatian Uskrs (literally “resurrection”)
  • Czech Velikonoce (literally “Great Nights” [plural, no singular exists])
  • Estonian Lihavõtted (literally “meat taking”)
  • Georgian აღდგომა (Aĝdgoma, literally “rising”)
  • Hungarian Húsvét (literally “taking, or buying meat”)
  • Japanese 復活祭 (Fukkatsu-sai, literally “resurrection festival”) or イースター Īsutā, from English
  • Korean 부활절 (Puhwalchol, literally “Resurrection season”)
  • Latvian Lieldienas (literally “the Great Days”, no singular exists)
  • Lithuanian Velykos (derived from Slavic languages, no singular exists)
  • Polish Wielkanoc (literally “the Great Night”)
  • Romanian Inviere (literally “resurrection”)
  • Serbian Ускрс (Uskrs) or Васкрс (Vaskrs, literally “resurrection”)
  • Slovak Veľká Noc (literally “the Great Night”)
  • Slovenian Velika noč (literally “the Great Night”)
  • Tongan (South-pacific) Pekia (literally “death (of a lord)”)
  • Ukrainian Великдень (Velykden’, literally “the Great Day”) or Паска (Paska)

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.

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