Tallest in the world from 1889 to 1930
Type: Observation tower, Radio broadcasting tower
Location: Paris, France, Coordinates 48.8583°N 2.2945°E
Construction started 1887, Completed 1889, Opening 31 March 1889
Height: Antenna spire 324.00 m (1,063 ft), Roof 300.65 m (986 ft), Top floor 273.00 m (896 ft)
Technical details: Floor count 3, Elevators 9
Design and construction: Owner City of Paris, France, Management Société d’Exploitation de la Tour Eiffel (SETE), Architect Stephen Sauvestre, Structural engineer Maurice Koechlin, Émile Nouguier, Main contractor Compagnie des Establissments Eiffel
The Eiffel Tower is a puddle iron tower 324 meters (with antenna) located in Paris, at the northwest end of the park Champ de Mars beside the Seine. Built by Gustave Eiffel and his staff for the Paris Exposition of 1889, and originally called “tower 300 meters,” this monument has become the symbol of the French capital, and a leading attraction: it is second site of French cultural paying the most visited in 2011, with 7.1 million visitors, 75% of foreigners in 2011, Notre-Dame de Paris is the leading free access to monuments with 13.6 million estimated visitors but it remains the most visited paid monument in the world, cultural site not being paid the most visited theme park Magic Kingdom with 17 million visitors in 2011. It welcomed its 250 millionth visitor in 2010.
At a height of 312 meters behind the Eiffel Tower remained the highest monument in the world for 41 years. The second level of the third floor, sometimes called fourth floor, located at 279.11 m, is the highest observation deck open to the public in the European Union and the highest in Europe, as one of the Ostankino Tower Moscow peaking at 360 m remain closed to the public following the fire in 2000. The height of the tower was increased by several times the installation of many antennas, peaking at 324 m. Rises to 327 m since March 8, 2011 with a transmitter TNT. Used in the past for many scientific experiments, it now serves as a transmitter of radio and television programs.
In an Italian study in 2012 that assessed the cost of the monuments of Europe’s most famous, the Eiffel Tower would be 434 billion euros, ahead of the Colosseum (91 billion euros) and the Sagrada Família (90 billion euros).
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