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Ichthyology

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Latimeria chalumnae
Latimeria chalumnae, a species of coelacanth (family Latimeriidae).

Ichthyology is the domain of zoology dedicated to  the study of fish. This implies skeletal fish (Osteichthyes), cartilaginous fish (Chondrichthyes), and jawless fish (Agnatha). About 25,000 fish species exist, including a majority of vertebrates. Though a majority of species have most likely been discovered and described, about 250 new species are officially described by science every single year.

The practice of ichthyology is connected with marine biology, limnology, and oceanography.

Modern Publications

Publication Frequency Date of Publication Affiliated Company
Copeia Quarterly 27 December 1913 American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists
Journal of Applied Ichthyology Bi-monthly Unknown Blackwell Publishing

Organizations

Organizations Organizations
  • American Elasmobranch Society
  • American Fisheries Society
  • American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists
  • Association of Systematics Collections
  • Canadian Association of Aqarium Clubs
  • Native Fish Conservancy
  • Neotropical Ichthyological Association
  • North American Native Fishes Association
  • Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology
  • Society for Northwestern Vertebrate Biology
  • Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections
  • Southeastern Fishes Council
  • Southwestern Association of Naturalists
  • The World Conservation Union

Notable ichthyologists

The names are followed by their fields of specialization and major contributions:

  • Alexander Emanuel Agassiz
    Louis Agassiz
    HM Emperor Akihito of Japan
    Peter Artedi
    William O. Ayres – California
    Spencer Fullerton Baird
    Tarleton Hoffman Bean
    Lev Berg – Russia
    Pieter von Bleeker – East Indies
    Marcus Elieser Bloch
    George Albert Boulenger
    Edward Drinker Cope
    Georges Cuvier
    Francis Day – India
    Bashford Dean
    Carl H. Eigenmann
    Rosa Smith Eigenmann
    Samuel Garman
    Charles Henry Gilbert
    Theodore Nicholas Gill
    Charles Frédéric Girard
    George Brown Goode
    Albert Günther
    Carl L. Hubbs
    David Starr Jordan
    Seth Meek
    George S. Myers
    John Treadwell Nichols – China, founder of Copeia
    John Richardson Norman
    C. Tate Regan
    J.L.B. Smith
    Donn E. Rosen
    Edwin C. Starks
    Franz Steindachner
    Achille Valenciennes
    Francis Willughby

References

  • Carl E. Bond, Biology of Fishes (Saunders, 1996) ISBN 0-03-070342-5
  • Joseph S. Nelson, Fishes of the World (Wiley, 2006) ISBN 0-471-25031-7
  • Michael Barton, Bond’s Biology of Fishes Third Edition (Julet, 2007) ISBN 0-120-79875-1

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