London is one of the first communication centers in the world with the presence of a large number of communications companies. Most major British media and all major national television networks, including BBC News, the leading news service in the world, have their headquarters in London. About 53% of British jobs related to television and radio are concentrated in London. This concentration has often led some commentators to criticize the centering of the UK on London. This has led some major media to outsource some of their headquarters: the BBC announced in June 2004 that its sports and youth services would be transferred in Manchester, northern England. Other networks installed in London are, among them, ITV, Channel 4, Channel 5 and BSkyB. Like the BBC, the media sometimes produce their programs elsewhere in the UK but London still remains the main production site. Local programs are offered by the regional services of the main networks: BBC London on BBC One and ITV London on ITV1.
There are many radio channels available in London. Local radio stations include Capital Radio, Heart 106.2, Kiss 100 and Xfm. Radio information and discussions include BBC London, LBC 97.3 and LBC News 1152.
The London newspaper market is dominated by national editions of the major British newspapers, all published in the capital. Until the 1970s, most national newspapers were focused on Fleet Street, but in the 1980s they were relocated to more spacious warehouses, capable of receiving automatic printing. Most are now in East London. At Wapping in 1986 SOGAT 82, the printers’ union, strongly opposed to these relocations, leading to numerous confrontations with the police. The last major news agency in Fleet Street, Reuters, moved to Canary Wharf in 2005, but Fleet Street remains a term still strongly associated with the national press.
There are two local newspapers in London, the Evening Standard and Metro, both free. They are available on the street and in the subway and train stations. Time Out Magazine, a weekly independent guide, provides a list of concerts, films, theater and other cultural activities since 1968. There are many other local newspapers in Greater London, reporting very local information.
London is the center of the television industry and British film, with major studios in the west of the city and a major post-production sector based in Soho. London is, with New York, one of two major English-language publishing centers.