Blackjack, also known as twenty-one, is one of the most popular casino card games in the world.
Much of blackjack’s popularity is due to the mix of chance with elements of skill, and the publicity that surrounds card counting (keeping track of which cards have been played since the last shuffle).
Blackjack’s precursor was vingt-et-un (“twenty-one”), which originated in French casinos around 1700, and did not offer the 3:2 bonus for a two-card 21. (See details)
- The game is played using six decks, which are reshuffled after each hand.
- Dealer hits on soft 17.
- Player Blackjack pays 3 to 2.
- Any other winning hand is paid 1 to 1.
- Insurance pays 2 to 1.
- Split up to three hands.
- Surrender any first two cards.
- Split aces receive only one card.
- No re-splitting of aces.
- A split ace and a ten-value card is not a Blackjack.
- Click on a chip to place a bet.
- Additional clicks on the chip interface will add to the wager.
- To remove a bet, click on the chip in the betting circle.
- Minimum amount to bet is $1 while the maximum is $500.
- Card suits are irrelevant.
- Cards 2 to 10 have face value.
- Jacks, queens, and kings are worth 10.
- Aces have a value of 1 or 11.
Win or lose
- The Player wins when he holds a score that is 21 or less, but greater than the Dealer’s final total.
- Achieving a score of 21 or less when the Dealer’s final score exceeds 21.
- An ace and any ten-value card together on the initial deal is called a Blackjack.
- Blackjack pays 3 to 2, providing that the Dealer does not also have Blackjack.
- A Player and Dealer Blackjack on the same hand results in a tie, known as a push.
- Any winning score of 21 after a split is paid 1 to 1.
- Deal– Used to start the game after you have placed your bet.
- Hit – Used when you want to be dealt another card. Players can hit as many times as they like unless the total of the cards equals or exceeds 21.
- Stand – Used when you want to keep the hand dealt to you. This automatically happens if you hit 21 or double down.
- Double – After being dealt the first two cards a Player can decide to double down. The bet on the hand is doubled and one additional card is dealt to the Player.
- Split – Used to split the first two cards dealt into two separate hands when they match. You can have up to three hands at one time except when you split two aces. Then, only one additional card can be dealt for each hand. A hand total of 21 after splitting aces is considered 21, not Blackjack.
- Surrender – If a Player decides to surrender, they get 50% of the bet and the other half goes to the house.
- Rebet – When a hand is complete, you have the option to rebet the amount previously bet.
- Insurance – If the Dealer is showing an ace, the Player is offered a supplemental bet called insurance. A wager of exactly half of the original bet is placed on the table. If the Dealer has Blackjack, the house pays the Insurance bet 2 to 1. If the Dealer does not have Blackjack, the Player loses the insurance bet, and the Player’s initial bet is then settled by comparing his cards with the Dealer’s. If the Dealer and the Player both have Blackjack, the game is pushed and the Player gets the amount won by taking insurance, called even money.