Right now, the second generation Schengen Information System (SIS II) enters into operation to raise safety and facilitate cost-free movement inside the Schengen location. The SIS II makes it possible for for a simple exchange of data among national border control authorities, customs and police authorities on persons who may possibly have already been involved inside a serious crime. It also contains alerts on missing persons, in specific young children, at the same time as details on specific property, such as banknotes, cars, vans, firearms and identity documents that may possibly have already been stolen, misappropriated or lost.
Cecilia Malmström, EU Commissioner for Home Affairs, said: “I am pleased to announce that SIS II is now entering into operation. Together with colleagues in the Council and Parliament I have brought the development phase of the project to a successful conclusion. I inherited a difficult file and putting this project back on track was not an easy task, but with my firm determination we were able to overcome major challenges. We can now move to the implementation phase that will be overseen by the new agency, eu-LISA”.
Krum Garkov, Executive Director in the European Agency for the operational management of large-scale IT systems within the region of freedom, safety and justice (eu-LISA) mentioned: “We stand ready to take over the operational management of SIS II. We are working closely with the Commission and the Member States to ensure a smooth transition to managing the system, providing a 24/7 service to the Member States and contributing to the efforts for a safer Europe”.
With all the abolition of internal border checks, SIS II continues to play a critical function in facilitating the no cost movement of people today within the Schengen area. SIS II is the second generation on the Schengen Information System in operation considering that 1995 and has enhanced functionalities, for example the possibility to enter biometrics (fingerprints and photographs), new forms of alerts (stolen aircrafts, boats, containers, implies of payment), or the possibility to hyperlink different alerts (such as an alert on a person plus a car). SIS II will also include copies of European Arrest Warrants (EAW) attached straight to alerts for persons wanted for arrest, surrender or extradition, generating it less complicated and quicker for the competent authorities to ensure the required follow-up.
SIS II ensures powerful information protection. Access to SIS II is restricted to the national border control, police, customs, judicial, visa and automobile registration authorities. Everyone has the proper to access information that is related to them and entered within the SIS II and can also request the competent national authority to correct or delete their private information. Every person also can take action prior to a court, to access, appropriate, delete or obtain facts or to receive compensation in connection with an alert relating to them. The National Supervisory Authorities and the European Data Protection Supervisor shall cooperate actively and make certain a coordinated supervision of SIS II.
SIS II is a state-of-the-art IT program and consists of three components: a central system, Schengen States’ national systems and a communication infrastructure amongst the central and national systems.
At the end of February 2013, the total budgetary commitments made by the Commission around the SIS II project considering that 2002 amounts to EUR 167 784 606.
The migration of data from SIS I+ to SIS II shall be terminated following an intensive monitoring period (lasting for a single month), during which each SIS I+ and SIS II will continue to co-exist and stay synchronised.
As from 9 May 2013 the IT Agency (eu-LISA) will take over responsibility for the day-to-day operating in the central system.