A school of thought refers to a collection of people who share similar opinions or a similar point of view in philosophy, in their academic discipline, in their beliefs, in a social movement, in a cultural movement or in an artistic movement. Also, there are several schools of economic thought. The same discipline, the same religion or the same movement can maintain several competing schools of thought.
Schools of thought are often named after the initiator of them. They can also be named according to where they were founded: the Ionian school of philosophy, which is said to have originated in Ionia in ancient Greece, the Chicago school of architecture, which originated in Chicago in the United States, the Prague School, named after the Prague Linguistics Circle or the Toronto School founded in Toronto by Harold Innis.