A casino is a place offering games of chance and gambling or casino games.
Access is regulated, although the identity control provisions vary from one country to another. In the United States, access to game rooms is not monitored, but you must have the age to play, or even accompany a player.
The precise origin of gambling is unknown. Chinese have the evidence of the first official event 2300 years before Christ, but it is believed that in general gambling have been in history known in almost all societies. From ancient Greece to the Romans, through the France of Napoleon and to the kingdom of Elizabeth of England, much of history is full of events based on gambling. One of the first casino was built in Venice around 1638. In the history of the United States, the earliest casinos were saloons. Their development is particularly concentrated in four major cities: New Orleans, St. Louis, Chicago and San Francisco.
In the nineteenth century, roulette spread throughout Europe and the US, becoming one of the most famous and most popular casino game. When the German government abolished the gambling games in the 1860s, the Blanca family moved in the last remaining operational casino in Europe, in Monte Carlo, where members establish the Western Wall of the game for the European elite. It is that simple roulette wheel became the premier game, and over the years has been exported to the world except the United States, where the double-zero wheel is dominant. A minority of players name roulette as “King of Casino Games”, probably because the game was associated with the glamour of Monte Carlo casinos. A legend says that the developer and businessman François Blanc bargained with the devil to get the secrets of roulette. The legend is based on the fact that the sum of all the numbers on the wheel (1 to 36) is 666, which is the “number of the beast.”
In the United States, in the early twentieth century, gambling became illegal and banned by federal law. However, in 1931, the gambling was legalized in the state of Nevada and the city of Las Vegas. New Jersey in 1978 authorized the gambling in Atlantic City, now the second American city in terms of legal gambling.
Major casinos in the world
- The capital of gambling is Las Vegas (Nevada), but other cities are major gaming centers such as Atlantic City (New Jersey), Biloxi (Mississippi) and Reno (Nevada).
The new world capital of gambling, Macau, is booming: In recent years, the Chinese peninsula attracts investors from Las Vegas who aspire to conquer the Chinese and Asian market in general.
- The largest casino is located in Estoril, Portugal, 18 km from Lisbon.
- The most attractive cities for large and very large players are London and Monte Carlo (Monte Carlo Casino, the largest casino in the Principality).
- The first modern casino of the continent, Redoubt, was opened in Spa (South East of Belgium) in 1771 under the initiative of the co-mayors, Gérard de Leau and Lambert Xhrouet. It included theaters, prom and games.
- There are also several large casino areas, including:
- the Lake Geneva basin that brings together French and Swiss players;
- the Riviera which institutions have developed around the rise of Monaco casinos;
- more sites in the east of the continent such as Nova Gorica who develop genuine entertainment complexes around the casinos.