The tiger is a cat in fact, isn”t it? But a big cat, with a length of up to 3.3 metres (11 ft) and a weight of up to 306 kg (670 lb). It was once upon a time when the tiger ranged all the Asia. Unfortunately, over the past 100 years they have been extirpated , and now they can be found in very few places in Asia.
Most of the actual tigers live in India, about 1,400 tigers from a total of 3,500 tigers all over the world.
A special project, namely Project Tiger, has been underway since 1973, in a concerted conservation effort, establishing over 25 well-monitored tiger reserves where human development is categorically forbidden.
In 2007 it was set up a Tiger Protection Force to combat poachers, adding, eight new tiger reserves in India.
In May 2008, forest officials spotted 14 tiger cubs in Rajasthan”s Ranthambore National Park, and in June 2008 a tiger from Ranthambore was moved to Sariska Tiger Reserve, where all tigers had fallen victim to poachers and human encroachments.
The Bengal tiger is the national animal of Bangladesh and India. He is the most numerous tiger subspecies with populations estimated at 1,520–1,909 in India. Since 2010, it has been considered as an endangered species by IUCN.
In April 2012, the Indian government decided to stop any ecotourism activites in tiger reserves and introduce a tiger tourism ban.
These days, India”s Supreme Court has lifted the ban on tourism in tiger reserves and asked local governments to regulate visitors, after a complete prohibition on tourism in July this year. This week the government announced new rules for the tiger tourism in order to protect them. No new tourist facilities will be created in the tiger areas, and only 20% of the tiger habitats will be open to visitors.
The tiger was voted the world”s favourite animal in a poll managed by Animal Planet, more that the dog.