European Union: Lower VAT on e-books, bringing them into line with printed books
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EU citizens could pay less for e-books after plans to allow member states to reduce VAT on e-publications were backed in committee on Wednesday. An EU Commission proposal to enable member states to charge a reduced rate of VAT on … Read More

European Union, 60 years
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Snipers on rooftops, drones in the air, and thousands of police on the streets in Rome. EU heads of state met in the same Renaissance Palazzo del Conservatives where it all began on March 25, 1957, with the Treaty of … Read More

Particularities of web translation in European Union
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The shift from translating mainly legal documents to translating websites influences translators’ workflow, terminology, as well as revision practices. The EU Directorate-General for Translation is organised into language departments, one for each official language of the European Union. In addition, … Read More

Safety in European Union
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Physically, safety is the state of a situation with the minimum of risk. Psychically, safety is the state of mind of a person who feels calm and confident. For the individual or group, it is the feeling (well or ill-founded) … Read More

Slavic Languages (with Latin script) in European Union
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South Slavic: Bosnian/Croatian /Serbian/ Montenegrin/Slovenian Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian used to be known collectively as Serbo-Croat but are differentiating all the time since the break-up of former Yugoslavia. While Croatian is written almost exclusively in the Latin alphabet, Serbian is … Read More

Copyright exceptions for libraries and archives in European Union
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For the libraries and other similar establishments, two core issues have arisen: the production of digital copies of materials held in the libraries’ collections and the electronic delivery of these copies to users. Digitisation of books, audiovisual material and other … Read More

Lottery Tax Rates in European Union
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Ranked from highest to lowest, with comparative-equivalent indications of national tax rates Rank Member State Rate of taxation as a percentage of gross revenue 1. Belgium Reserved to public sector and/or public interest objectives 1. Cyprus Reserved to public sector … Read More

Web 2.0 in European Union
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“Web 2.0” is defined as a set of applications, technologies and user roles. The applications include blogs, wikis, social tagging, social gaming etc., even though it may not always be fully clear whether a specific application is Web 2.0 or … Read More

The status of the translation profession in the European Union
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The status of translators is not to be confused with how well anyone translates. It concerns the perception of a translator’s value – what people think a particular translator can do, and how well or badly the translator is assumed … Read More

Integrity of Sport and Match Fixing in European Union
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The Commission fully acknowledges the seriousness of the problems related to match fixing that are affecting the ethics and integrity of sport. In the Communication on Developing the European Dimension in Sport (Communication from the Commission to the EP, the … Read More

Services for Problem Gamblers in European Union
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The Relationship between the Availability of Commercial Gambling Opportunities and Problem Gambling The research evidence suggests that most people who gamble do so in such a way as to enhance their enjoyment of life, and without causing themselves significant harm. … Read More

Problem Gambling in European Union
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Problem or pathological gambling can be broadly defined as “an impulse control disorder consisting of consistent and recurrent maladaptive gambling behavior that disrupts family, personal, or vocational pursuits. (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV). Washington, D.C.: … Read More

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