Henri Poincaré, The logic of infinity: The use of infinity
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Is it possible to reason about objects that can notbe defined in a finite number of words? Is it even possible to talk about it knowing what one is talking about, and by saying something other than empty words? Or … Read More

Henri Poincaré, The logic of infinity: The memory of Mr. Zermelo
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It is in a totally different direction that Mr. Zermelo is seeking the solution of the difficulties we have pointed out. He tries to establish a system of axioms a priori, which must allow him to establish all the mathematical … Read More

Henri Poincaré, The logic of infinity: Axiom of reducibility
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Russell introduces a new axiom which he calls axiom of reducibility. As I’m not sure I fully understood his thought, I will let him speak. “We assume, that every function is équivalent, for ail its value to some predicative function … Read More

Henri Poincaré, The logic of infinity: The memory of Mr. Russel
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Russell published in the American Journal of Mathematics, vol. XXX, under the title Mathematical Logics as Based on the Theory of Types, a memoir in which he relies on considerations quite similar to those which precede. After recalling some of … Read More

Henri Poincaré, The logic of infinity: The cardinal number
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We must not forget the preceding considerations when defining the cardinal number. If we consider two collections, we may seek to establish a law of correspondence between the objects of these two collections, so that any object of the first … Read More

Henri Poincaré, The logic of infinity: What a classification must be
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Can the ordinary rules of logic be applied without change, as soon as we consider collections taking an infinite number of objects? This is a question we did not ask at first, but we were led to examine when the … Read More

Henri Poincaré, Why space with three dimensions – Analysis Situs and intuition
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I would like to add a remark which relates only indirectly to the foregoing; we have seen above the importance of the Analysis Situs and I explained that this is the real domain of geometric intuition. Does this intuition exist? … Read More

Henri Poincaré, Why space with three dimensions – Space and Nature
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But the question can be asked from a completely different point of view. We have so far placed ourselves in a purely subjective, purely psychological or, if you will, physiological point of view; we have only considered the relations of … Read More

Henri Poincaré, Why space with three dimensions – Space and movements
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It seems, therefore, that space cannot be constructed by considering sets of simultaneous sensations, which must be considered as sequences of sensations. Always go back to what I said before. Why do certain changes appear to us as changes of … Read More

Henri Poincaré, Why space with three dimensions – Space and senses
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The question seems resolved; we seem to have only to apply this rule, either to the physical continuum, which is the coarse image of space, or to the corresponding mathematical continuum which is its refined image and which is the … Read More

Henri Poincaré, Why space with three dimensions – Continuum and cuts
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But what is a continuum with n dimensions; how does it differ from a continuum whose number of dimensions is larger or smaller? First, let us recall some results recently obtained by the students of Cantor. It is possible to … Read More

Henri Poincaré, Why space with three dimensions – Analysis Situs (Topology)
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Geometers usually distinguish two kinds of geometries, which they call the first of metric and the second of projective; metric geometry is based on the notion of distance; two figures are regarded as equivalent when they are “equal” in the … Read More

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