Drafting, translation and interpretation of international treaties
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International treaties are written agreements between states. (Some international treaties are concluded not between states but states and international organisations having legal personality.) By such treaties, states bind themselves in written form by the obligations laid down in the treaty. … Read More

The interpretation in international institutions
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(Cabin for interpreters at the European Parliament in Strasbourg) The ability to communicate for people who do not share the same language is a prerequisite for the functioning of all international institutions. Some of them adopt the working languages that … Read More

Legal and court interpreting
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Legal, court, or judicial interpreting, occurs in courts of justice, administrative tribunals, and wherever a legal proceeding is held (i.e. a conference room for a deposition or the locale for taking a sworn statement). Legal interpreting can be the consecutive … Read More

Conference interpreting
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Conference interpreting is the interpretation of a conference, either simultaneously or consecutively, although the advent of multi-lingual meetings has consequently reduced the consecutive interpretation in the last 20 years. Conference interpretation is divided between two markets: the institutional and private. … Read More

Modes of interpreting
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Interpretation is rendered in one mode: simultaneous. In simultaneous interpreting (SI), the interpreter immediately speaks the message in the target-language whilst listening to it in the source language. Consecutive interpretation is rendered as ‘short CI’ and ‘long CI’. In short … Read More

Interpreting versus translation
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Despite being used interchangeably, interpretation and translation are not synonymous, but refer, respectively, to the spoken and written transference of meaning between two languages. Interpreting occurs in real time, in the presence — physical, televised, or telephonic — of the … Read More

Interpreting
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Language interpreting or interpretation is the intellectual activity of facilitating oral and sign-language communication, either simultaneously or consecutively, between two or more users of different languages. Functionally, interpreting and interpretation are the descriptive words for the activity. In professional practice … Read More