VAT for publications in EU member states
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VAT is currently regulated by Council Directive 2006/112/EC of 28 November 2006 on the common system of value added tax (the “VAT Directive”). Under the current rules, Member States may apply a reduced VAT rate to books, periodicals and newspapers … Read More

English Translation Style Guide for EU – REFERENCES TO OFFICIAL PUBLICATIONS
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THE OFFICIAL JOURNAL General. The full name of the Official Journal is Official Journal of the European Union and its official abbreviation in references is ‘OJ’. It is published in three series, ‘L’, ‘C’ and ‘S’, each serving different purposes. … Read More

About telecommunication
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Optical fiber provides cheaper bandwidth for long distance communication Bell Labs scientist Claude E. Shannon published A Mathematical Theory of Communication in 1948. This landmark publication was to set the mathematical models used to describe communication systems called information theory. … Read More

Spam
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A KMail folder full of spam e-mail messages collected over a few days. Spamming is commonly defined as the sending of unsolicited bulk e-mail – that is, email that was not asked for (unsolicited) by multiple recipients (bulk). A further … Read More

About ATA
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Professional development ATA’s primary goals are to foster and support the professional development of translators and interpreters and to promote the translation and interpreting professions. The Association offers a variety of programs and services in support of these goals, including … Read More