Closed captions

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The “CC in a TV” symbol Jack Foley created, while senior graphic designer at Boston public broadcaster WGBH that invented captioning for television, is public domain so that anyone who captions TV programs can use it. Closed captioning is the … Read More

Translation process with machine translation

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The translation process may be stated as: Decoding the meaning of the source text; and Re-encoding this meaning in the target language. Behind this ostensibly simple procedure lies a complex cognitive operation. To decode the meaning of the source text … Read More

Evaluation of machine translation

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Various methods for the evaluation for machine translation have been employed. This article will focus on the evaluation of the output of machine translation, rather than on performance or usability evaluation. Before covering the large scale studies, a brief comment … Read More

American Translators Association

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The American Translators Association (ATA) was founded in 1959 and is now the largest professional association of translators and interpreters in the United States with more than 10,000 members in 80 countries. Membership is open to anyone with an interest … Read More

The term of translation

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Etymologically, “translation” is a “carrying across” or “bringing across.” The Latin “translatio” derives from the perfect passive participle, “translatum,” of “transferre” (“to transfer” — from “trans,” “across” + “ferre,” “to carry” or “to bring”). The modern Romance, Germanic and Slavic … Read More

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