A system of gambling licensing in European Union – The principles of transparency, equal treatment and legal certainty
| |

Licensing systems for certain categories of offline gambling are common in many countries. A growing number of Member States is introducing licensing systems for the provision of online gambling services. These licenses may be issued on the basis of a … Read More

Translation Equivalence
| |

The question of fidelity vs. transparency has also been formulated in terms of, respectively, “formal equivalence” and “dynamic equivalence.” The latter two expressions are associated with the translator Eugene Nida and were originally coined to describe ways of translating the … Read More

Fidelity vs. transparency in translation
| |

Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher Fidelity (or “faithfulness”) and transparency are two qualities that, for millennia, have been regarded as ideals to be striven for in translation, particularly literary translation. These two ideals are often at odds. Thus a 17th-century French … Read More

The digital Europe – i2010 Initiative
| |

Preparing Europe’s digital future i2010 Mid-Term Review {SEC(2008) 470} INTRODUCTION Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) continue to be a major driver of economic and social modernisation. Today, businesses in the EU devote 20% of investment to ICTs, and the sector … Read More

Creative Content Online for EU
| |

On January 3rd, the European Commission (EC) launched a public consultation for the preparation of a recommendation on Creative Content Online for the European Union for a common legal environment for online content, proposing multi-territory licences.EU policies should support the … Read More