Robert James Fischer died today at a hospital in Reykjavik, Iceland.
Fischer became famous as a teenager for his chess-playing ability, and in 1972 he became the official World Chess Champion. In 1975 he refused to defend the title when FIDE, the international chess federation, did not accept all his conditions for a title defense.
After his 1992 rematch with Spassky, he lived in Hungary and later Japan. He was granted Icelandic citizenship, and lived in Iceland from 2005 until his death.