The extensive system of public transport in Bucharest is the largest in Romania. It consists of a 71 km metro system operated by Metrorex and surface-bus transport network (78 lines), and trolleybuses (19 lines), trams (26 lines) and light rail, operated by RATB. Additional there is a private network of minibuses, as well as taxi companies (10,000 licensed taxis).
In Bucharest there are currently two operational airports: Henri Coanda International Airport (formerly “Otopeni”) and Aurel Vlaicu International Airport (formerly “Baneasa”). Henri Coanda Airport is the largest airport in Romania serving five million passengers in 2007, and is the main center for the national operator TAROM. Depart from and arrive there daily flights to other cities in Romania as well as many other airports in Europe, North America, Asia and Africa. Aurel Vlaicu is used by low cost airlines and to serve charter planes.
Bucharest is the main railway node of the national company Romanian Railways (Căile Ferate Române). The most important railway station is North Station (Gara de Nord), the trains departing and arriving daily from various Romanian cities and European cities:
Moscow (Russian Federation)
Through the North Station pass daily 283 trains of the state operator CFR, and 2 trains of the private operator Regiotrans. There are also other stations: Basarab, Băneasa, Obor / Est, Progresul, Titan Sud and Sud. From the city are starting five rail lines: 300 (Bucharest, Oradea), 500 (Bucharest, Bacau, Suceava-Veresti), 700 (Bucharest, Braila-Galati), 800 (Bucharest-Constanta), 900 (Bucharest Drobeta Turnu Severin-Timisoara-Jimbolia), and 3 secondary interoperable lines: 901 (Bucharest-Pitesti-Bucharest), 902 (Bucharest-Giurgiu) and 903 (Bucharest-Oltenita).
Transport by road
The core of the network of urban streets of Bucharest are high traffic avenues, leaving the city center to the suburbs. Main axis (north-south, east-west, northwest-southeast) and two rings (inside and outside) help reduce traffic congestion. The streets in the city are usually crowded during peak hours due to the increasing number of cars in recent years, every day, more than one million vehicles traveling within the city. This resulted in the emergence holes, which are now considered as the biggest infrastructure problem of Bucharest.
Bucharest is the main Romanian national road network node, the starting point for the motorways (A1 to Pitesti, A2 to Constanta, A3 to Ploiesti) and new roads (DN1 to Oradea, DN1A to Brasov, DN2 to Suceava, DN3 to Calarasi, DN4 to Olteniţa, DN5 to Giurgiu, DN6 to Timisoara, DN7 to Cenad, and DN71 to Sinaia).
Despite the fact that it lies on the banks of the Dâmboviţa River, because the river is not navigable, Bucharest has never functioned as a port, this role is reserved for other cities, such as Giurgiu and Oltenița, located at distances: 65, respectively 62 km. In 2010, several politicians have resumed idea to continue building the Danube-Bucharest Channel 73 km in length, linking the city with the Danube river by channeling Dambovita and Arges. According to Mayor Oprescu, the channel is 65% completed. It is intended to include the project in the European Union Strategy for the Danube Region. This channel is expected to become an important component of urban transport infrastructure.